Benjamin Tucker praises Herbert Spencer but argues his criticism of state socialism is incomplete.
Étienne de La Boétie, best known as the subject of Michel de Montaigne’s essay “On Friendship,” argues that political power is founded on people’s obedience.
In this excerpt from “Reflections on the Revolution in France,” Burke prefers the traditional rights of Englishmen to the French revolutionaries’ “rights of man.”
Gustave de Molinari, a contemporary of Bastiat, wonders: if markets work so well everywhere else, why not allow the market production of personal security?
Smith discusses Buckle’s claim that Adam Smith was one of the most brilliant and influential thinkers in the history of the modern world.
La Boétie identifies several ways tyrants secure the cooperation of the oppressed.
The eight books on this list offer a thorough but accessible introduction to libertarianism.
Thoreau describes his brief imprisonment and discusses the relationship between the state, his community, and his duties as an individual.
Smith explores Buckle’s claim that the “protective spirit” of governments has hindered the progress of civilization.
Thoreau develops a theory of the ethics of civil disobedience in the context of his tax resistance during the Mexican-American war.
George H. Smith discusses Buckle’s stress on the importance of ideas in the progress of civilization.
After discussing some implications of early works on international law for libertarian theory, Smith concludes with a defense of Ayn Rand’s theory of rights.
George H. Smith discusses the meaning of “natural rights” and some historical aspects of this theory.
Smith begins his discussion of one of the most libertarian works on history ever written.
George H. Smith discusses various formulations of the non-aggression principle and concludes with some remarks about the problem of pollution.
George H. Smith presents the rudiments of a theory of children’s rights.
George H. Smith criticizes Zwolinski’s discussions of risk, fraud, and the relationship between aggression and property rights.
Smith examines the argument that minor acts of aggression are morally permissible if they result in good consequences that offset an unjust act.