James Madison was the fourth President of the United States and was the chief architect of the United States Constitution.
Smith explains what Adam Smith meant by the “invisible hand” and how he used this explanatory method throughout his writings.
Smith discusses the significant role played by John Chapman in the lives of Herbert Spencer, George Eliot, and G. H. Lewes.
Smith criticizes an influential book by Mark Francis, Herbert Spencer and the Invention of Modern Life.
Smith discusses the complex personal relationships among three leading classical liberals in Victorian England.
Tom G. Palmer provides a comprehensive overview of the vast literature on libertarianism, free market economics, and the philosophy of liberty.
In this essay, Ralph Raico examines the libertarian case for gay rights and describes how that case was expressed in the Libertarian Party’s positions.
Smith compares the positions of Hodgskin and Smith on the history of landownership, and their opposition to the political power of the landed aristocracy.
Smith continues his series on the thought of Thomas Hodgskin by explaining his belief in natural property rights.
Smith discusses the common allegation that Spencer took many of his ideas from Hodgskin without acknowledging their source.
Samuel Adams was an important popular agitator and organizer during the American Revolution.
Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island and was an important advocate of freedom of religion.
Born a slave, Booker T. Washington went on to found Tuskegee University, and raised money for many other black schools and colleges.
As a Swedish diplomat in Hungary, Raoul Wallenberg saved nearly 100,000 lives from execution by the Nazis.
Alexis de Toqueville was an important theorist of democratic society. He is best known as the author of Democracy in America.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an important organizer and writer in the American women’s rights movement.
Lysander Spooner was an American legal theorist, abolitionist, and anarchist.
Best known for his treatise An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith was a philosopher and economist. He was one of the leading figures of the Scottish Enlightenment.
A prolific author and Austrian economist, Murray Rothbard promoted a form of free market anarchism he called “anarcho-capitalism.”
Ayn Rand was one of the three “founding mothers” of modern libertarianism. She is best known as the author of Atlas Shrugged and other novels.
A guide to the books and essays containing the most powerful arguments against libertarianism.
A selection of books to take readers beyond the basics of libertarianism and into the philosophy and economics that provide its foundations.
A guide to books on the history of liberty and libertarianism.
Raised from a young age to continue the philosophical tradition of Benthamite utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill contributed to philosophy of science and ethics.