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Essays

The New Toryism

In this chapter from The Man versus the State, Herbert Spencer attacks the rise of paternalist politics.

Essays

Labor and Commerce

In this selection from The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith discusses prices in terms of labor and happiness.

Essays

Nonintervention

In this essay, Richard Cobden argues that “that no foreign State has a right by force to interfere with the domestic concerns of another State.”