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Essays

The Widest Possible Liberty

Herbert defends a principle of liberty which holds that “freedom in … pursuit of happiness must not interfere with the exactly corresponding freedom of others.”

Essays

All Socialism Involves Slavery

In this excerpt from Man Versus the State, Herbert Spencer argues that as the state tries to regulate more of our lives, it inches us closer to slavery.

Essays

The New Toryism

In this chapter from The Man versus the State, Herbert Spencer attacks the rise of paternalist politics.

Essays

Labor and Commerce

In this selection from The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith discusses prices in terms of labor and happiness.