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Essays

Nonintervention

In this essay, Richard Cobden argues that “that no foreign State has a right by force to interfere with the domestic concerns of another State.”

Essays

Of Property and Government

John Locke lays out the foundational arguments of liberalism: people have rights preexisting government, and government exists to protect those rights.

Essays

Justice and Beneficence

Smith explains why benevolence is desirable but justice is essential not just to to civil society but also to how we measure our behavior in the eyes of others.

Essays

The Paradox of Morality

The Chinese economist and intellectual and social entrepreneur Mao Yushi explains the role that markets play in bringing about concord and cooperation.

Essays

The Division of Labor

Smith explores the significance of the division of labor using his example of the pin factory where specialization lets the employees increase their production.

Essays

Give Me Liberty

Lane compares socialism to individualism and shows out the latter is the only path to upholding freedom.

Essays

The Man of System

Adam Smith’s The Theory of Moral Sentiments included this passage on two distinct ways of seeing the world: spontaneous order vs planned economy.

Essays

Of Society and Civilization

In this excerpt from The Rights of Man, here Thomas Paine argues that the order naturally observed in human society is not the result of government.

Essays

Justice and Property

Hume argues that rules of justice do not spring fully-formed from rational calculation but emerge from the uncoordinated actions of individuals.

Essays

Equality of Rights

Kant discusses his theory of the state, concluding, “Whatever a people cannot impose upon itself cannot be imposed upon it by the legislator either.”

Essays

Free Trade

Adam Smith explores the benefits of Free Trade.