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Biographical

Acton, Lord (1834-1902)

by Gregory Gronbacher

Lord Acton was a respected British historian and an advocate for limited government, religious freedom, and the Christian perspective of positive liberty.

Biographical

Adams, John (1735-1826)

by Michiel Visser

John Adams, known as the 2nd US President, played a vital role in the American Revolution and contributed to the philosophy behind the US Constitution.

Biographical

Aquinas, Thomas (c. 1225-1274)

by George H. Smith

Thomas Aquinas was a philosopher who greatly influenced Catholic thought and promoted law not as a way to regulate morality, but to allow human choice.

Biographical

Aristotle (382-322 BC)

by Fred Miller

Known as one of the most foundational ancient thinkers, Aristotle’s works explored morality and ethics along with government and social organization.

Biographical

Bastiat, Frédéric (1801-1850)

by Guido Hülsmann

Frederic Bastiat was a 19th century economist whose writings have been foundational to the individualism & free trade economics movements.

Biographical

Bauer, Peter (1915-2002)

by James A. Dorn

Peter Bauer’s work in economic development and the role of foreign aid institutions questioned previously accepted maxims about the “solution” to global poverty.

Biographical

Becker, Gary S. (1930-2014)

by Aaron Steelman

Gary S. Becker was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1992. His work has been influential in the modern sciences of sociology and economics.

Biographical

Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)

by T. Patrick Burke

Jeremy Bentham is known by most as the father of utilitarianism. He wrote in favor of free-markets, a pragmatic view of rights, and rational policy-making.

Biographical

Branden, Nathaniel (1930-2014)

by Chris Sciabarra

Often called the father of the self-esteem movement, Nathaniel Branden was a noted psychologist and author who favored personal freedom and choice.

Biographical

Bright, John (1811-1859)

by Aaron Steelman

One of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League, John Bright was an advocate for small government and non-interventionist foreign policy.

Biographical

Brown, John (1800-1859)

by Roderick T. Long

John Brown was a dedicated leader of the American abolitionist movement, often known for his raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in 1859.

Biographical

Buchanan, James M. (1919-2013)

by Peter T. Leeson

One of the leading economists of the last century, James M. Buchanan was one of the founders of the public choice theory of economics.

Biographical

Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821-1862)

by George H. Smith

Henry Thomas Buckle was a great British historian of the 19th century who dedicated his life to completing a comprehensive history of English culture.

Biographical

Burke, Edmund (1729-1797)

by Michiel Visser

A noted British philosopher and politician, Edmund Burke is remembered as the father of Conservatism, though his work influenced all of classical liberal thought.

Biographical

Burlamaqui, Jean-Jacques (1649-1748)

by Stephen Davies

Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui contributed greatly to philosophical thought with his widely read volumes commenting on and popularizing the work of other philosophers.

Biographical

Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von (1851-1914)

by Lawrence H. White

Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk and his signature work, Capital and Interest, contributed majorly to the Austrian School of economics and the concept of interest.

Biographical

Childs, Roy A. (1949-1992)

by Joan Kennedy Taylor

Roy. A Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also made popular the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.

Biographical

Chodorov, Frank (1887-1966)

by Aaron Steelman

A writer and thinker during the 20th century, Frank Chodorov added significantly to libertarian thought and the theory of individualism.