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Biographical

Macaulay, Thomas Babington (1800-1859)

by Walter Olson

Thomas Babington Macaulay was a powerful voice for classical liberal ideas, writing great historical volumes and political essays on individual freedoms.

Biographical

MacBride, Roger Lea (1929-1995)

by David Boaz

With his electoral vote in 1972 and presidential campaign in 1976, Roger Lea MacBride expanded the influence of the Libertarian Party. 

Biographical

Madison, James (1750-1836)

by Michael Zuckert

James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.

Biographical

Maine, Henry Sumner (1822-1888)

by George Carey

Henry Sumner Maine was a legal scholar of the 1800s. His best-known work, Ancient Law, explained development of societal structure.

Biographical

Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733)

by George H. Smith

Bernard Mandeville’s controversial essays and allegories raised questions about justice and socially or morally virtuous actions.

Biographical

Mason, George (1725-1792)

by Robert M. S. McDonald

George Mason was a Virginian statesman who decried the centralization of government authority and was one of the major supporters of a written Bill of Rights.

Biographical

Mencken, H. L. (1880-1956)

by Rod L. Evans

Henry Louis Mencken was a prolific and stalwart writer, protesting government overreach and planning in newspapers and his own books.

Biographical

Menger, Carl (1840-1921)

by Lawrence H. White

A founding influence of the Austrian School of economics, Carl Menger predominantly wrote on the subjects of prices, marginal utility, and money. 

Biographical

Meyer, Frank S. (1909-1972)

by Christopher A. Preble

Frank S. Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.

Biographical

Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873)

by Aeon Skoble

John Stuart Mill was a philosopher best known for his contributions to a free-market, more freedom-oriented view of utilitarianism.

Biographical

Milton, John (1608-1674)

by Antony Flew

Best known for the epic Paradise Lost, John Milton was an active voice for republican government and individualism during the English Civil Wars.

Biographical

Mises, Ludwig von (1881-1972)

by Leland Yeager

Ludwig von Mises was one of the most influential economists of the Austrian School, focusing among other issues the failures of central planning.

Biographical

Molinari, Gustave de (1819-1912)

by David Hart

A great 19th century French economist, Gustave de Molinari was outspoken about his opposition of protectionist government policy.

Biographical

Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592)

by Jason Kuznicki

Michel de Montaigne was a French writer who popularized the reflective essay and contributed several essays on individualism and humanistic thought.

Biographical

Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat de

by Jason Kuznicki

Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, wrote a theory of limited government that inspired American constitutional design and philosophy.

Biographical

Murray, Charles (1943-)

by Brian Doherty

Charles Murray’s work has questioned the effectiveness and implications of the American welfare state and promoted individualist solutions instead.