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Biographical

Say, Jean-Baptiste (1767-1832)

by David Hart

Jean-Baptiste Say was a French political economist whose work anticipated and popularized theories of wealth creation, entrepreneurship, and a free society.

Biographical

Schumpeter, Joseph (1883-1950)

by Thomas M. Humphrey

Joseph Schumpeter was an influential 20th century economist who staunchly defended capitalism and the cycle of innovation and growth it creates.

Biographical

Senior, Nassau William (1790-1864)

by George H. Smith

Nassau William Senior was an important British economist who contributed to theories of utility, political economy, and value.

Biographical

Shaftesbury, Third Earl of (1671-1713)

by George H. Smith

The Third Earl of Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper was a statesman and philosopher with an interest in individualism and the natural harmony of interests.

Biographical

Sidney, Algernon (1623-1683)

by Aaron Steelman

Algernon Sidney was a fervent republican whose philosophy and politics, as well as his eventual martyrdom, influenced democratic revolutionaries who followed him.

Biographical

Simon, Julian (1932-1998)

by Donald J. Boudreaux

Julian Simon was an American economist who wrote on the ways in which human innovation and efficiency makes population growth a net benefit for production.

Biographical

Smith, Adam (1723-1790)

by Ronald Hamowy

Adam Smith is credited as one of the most important theorists of laissez-faire economics. His work is often seen as foundational to capitalism.

Biographical

Sowell, Thomas (1930-)

by Jo Kwong

Thomas Sowell is an economist and social theorist who has written and taught on the topics of human achievement, free markets, race, and culture.

Biographical

Spencer, Herbert (1820-1903)

by George H. Smith

Herbert Spencer was a major influence on 19th century liberalism. His work on evolutionary theory and social order made him one of the first sociologists.

Biographical

Spooner, Lysander (1808-1881)

by Randy E. Barnett

Lysander Spooner was a legal and political theorist favoring individualist anarchy. He is best known for his activism as an abolitionist.

Biographical

Stigler, George J. (1911-1991)

by Aaron Steelman

George J. Stigler was a Nobel Prize winning economist who wrote on a number of topics, including prices, regulation, and information theory.

Biographical

Stirner, Max (1806-1856)

by Will Wilkinson

Max Stirner was a German writer who presented a case for egoism and freedom that influenced many individualist anarchists after him.

Biographical

Sumner, William Graham (1840-1910)

by Robert Bannister

William Graham Sumner was an economist and sociologist. He is known for his staunch opposition to American imperialism and dedication to individualism.

Biographical

Szasz, Thomas (1920-2012)

by Rod L. Evans

Thomas Szasz was an influential writer who opposed involuntary or coercive hospitalization for those deemed “mentally ill,” a label he challenged.