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Biographical

Cicero (106-43 BC)

by Tom G. Palmer

Cicero, a great early writer and orator, articulated a universal legal order that was to become foundational for the natural law tradition.

Biographical

Clark, Ed (1930-)

by David Boaz

The 1980 Libertarian party presidential candidate, Ed Clark is a public figure for the libertarian movement and played an important role in its popularization.

Biographical

Coase, Ronald H. (1910-2013)

by Douglas MacKenzie

The work of Ronald H. Coase, most famously the concept known as Coase’s theorem, has provided insight to law, economics, and how they intersect.

Biographical

Cobden, Richard (1804-1865)

by John M. Brady

One of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League, Richard Cobden is considered an example of a liberal thinker with considerable success in changing British policy.

Biographical

Comte, Charles (1782-1887)

by David Hart

Charles Comte, politician and prominent writer, was a principle figure in promoting classical liberalism in France in the early 19th century.

Biographical

Condorcet, Marquis de (1748-1794)

by David Hart

An advocate for enlightenment and liberal reforms, Marquis de Condorcet had a brief but eventful influence as part the French Revolutionary government.

Biographical

Constant, Benjamin (1767-1830)

by David Hart

Though famous for his novel, Adolphe, Benjamin Constant is also known in the English-speaking world for his writings on liberal constitutionalism.

Biographical

Dicey, Albert Venn (1835-1922)

by Stephen M. Sheppard

Albert Venn Dicey,a prominent British legal philosopher, established in his writings the basic principles for the rule of law under a legitimate constitution.

Biographical

Diderot, Denis (1713-1784)

by Jason Kuznicki

A prominent Enlightenment thinker, Denis Diderot’s writings on freedom of thought, religion, and speech bring him to the attention of libertarians today.

Biographical

Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895)

by Timothy Sandefur

Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.

Biographical

Dunoyer, Charles (1786-1862)

by David Hart

Charles Dunoyer was a major influence in the French classical liberal movement. He wrote on law, society, and the benefits of free markets and limited government.

Biographical

Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882)

by Roderick T. Long

One of the founders of Transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson was also a noted abolitionist and personal activist in the nineteenth century.

Biographical

Epstein, Richard A. (1943-)

by Aaron Steelman

Richard A. Epstein is a prominent legal scholar whose work on eminent domain and government intervention has influenced major court decisions in the last 50 years.

Biographical

Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.

Biographical

Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816)

by Ronald Hamowy

Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.

Biographical

Fisher, Antony (1915-1988)

by Jo Kwong

Sir Antony Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.

Biographical

Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)

by Jason Kuznicki

One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.

Biographical

Friedman, David (1945-)

by Bryan Caplan

David Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.