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Biographical

Friedman, Milton (1912-2006)

by Aaron Steelman

The winner of the Nobel Prize in 1976, Milton Friedman was a recent leading economist who advocated free market liberalism through public policy.

Biographical

Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879)

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

William Lloyd Garrison, known as the editor of the anti-slavery newspaper Liberator, was an outspoken and radical leader for the abolitionist movement.

Biographical

Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-1898)

by M. L. Schut

The former prime minster of the United Kingdom, William Ewart Gladstone was a statesman advocating a platform of limited government and free-market economics.

Biographical

Godwin, William (1756-1836)

by Wendy McElroy

A popular novelist as well as a political philosopher, William Godwin was one of the first influential writers on the topic of philosophical anarchism.

Biographical

Goldwater, Barry (1909-1998)

by Lee Edwards

Barry Goldwater’s stark commitment to a platform of freedom and limited government helped to realign public opinion in support of economic conservatism.

Biographical

Harper, Floyd Arthur “Baldy” (1905-1973)

by Will Wilkinson

An accomplished libertarian writer and the founder of the Institute for Humane Studies, Baldy Harper devoted his life to educating others about libertarianism.

Biographical

Hayek, Friedrich A. (1889-1992)

by Ronald Hamowy

F.A. Hayek was one of the most prominent economists and philosophers on the side of free-market economics and individualism; his work is often discussed today.

Biographical

Hazlitt, Henry (1894-1993)

by Bettina Greaves

Henry Hazlitt was an economic journalist and popular author whose works explained and elaborated on many libertarian ideas.

Biographical

Heinlein, Robert (1907-1988)

by Amy Sturgis

Robert Heinlein, author of a number of fundamental science fiction pieces and novels, provided an eerily relevant social critique of the overreach of government.

Biographical

Herbert, Auberon (1838-1906)

by Eric Mack

A staunch defender of property rights and opponent to forced redistribution, Auberon Herbert contributed several major works to classical liberalism.

Biographical

Hess, Karl (1923-1994)

by Brian Doherty

An activist, journalist, and author involved in both the conservative and libertarian movements, Hess opposed taxation and promoted neighborhood self-sufficiency.

Biographical

Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1676)

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard

Thomas Hobbes’ preeminent work, Leviathan, remains one of the major works in the philosophy of government formation.

Biographical

Hodgskin, Thomas (1787-1869)

by George H. Smith

Thomas Hodgskin was a British political and economic theorist affiliated most with individualist anarchism, though his writings were vivid and original.

Biographical

Hospers, John (1918-2011)

by David Boaz

The first presidential candidate of the Libertarian party, John Hospers played an important role in organizing libertarians for political action.

Biographical

Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1767-1835)

by Detmar Doering

Known as the namesake of Berlin’s premier university, Wilhelm von Humboldt was a statesman, educational reformer, and German liberal philosopher.

Biographical

Hume, David (1711-1776)

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard

One of the chief philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume contributed a theory of government and morality loosely based on property and utility.

Biographical

Hutcheson, Francis

by George H. Smith

Francis Hutcheson’s philosophy addressed moral obligations as they related to personal liberties, virtue, and rights.

Biographical

Jacobs, Jane (1916-2006)

by Sanford Ikeda

Jane Jacobs was a prominent activist and writer on the subject of cities and the complex, spontaneous forces that cause cities to form and develop.