Capitalism is the economic system used by a majority of modern democracies today, in which the private ownership, exchange, and use of property is promoted.
Cato’s Letters were letters published in 18th cent. Britain, focused on the concept of liberty and questioned tyrannical authority structures.
Charitable, fraternal and friendly societies benefit members and overall society while also maintaining freedom and choice of association.
In this entry, Marueen Kelley explains some libertarian takes and positions on social issues in which children become the focus of discussion.
Throughout history, the role of cities has varied. They are crucial stages for the self-organization of people and for the exchange of goods and ideas.
Civil Society refers to the interests, discussions, and institutions used by a society that form without government force by the choices of individuals.
In this entry, Jeff Hummel explains the events and effects of the U.S. Civil War from the perspective of how it both questioned and realized liberty.
Classical economics, the position held by supporters of the free market and limited government, is one of the core tenants of the libertarian platform.
Coercion, the use of force to persuade or limit individual action, has typically been seen as a power of government. It must still be justified.
Collectivism advocates state control over the economy and civil society. Philosophically, collectivism resembles socialism and opposes individualism.
Common law describes the form of law used to resolve disputes between individuals where decisions are made based on intent, effects, and circumstances.
Communism is the political system in which all aspects of life are planned by the state. Its presence has been devastating for millions of people.
Competition between multiple firms fuels innovation, trade, and efficiency. For this reason, competition is an important part of a free market economy.
In this entry, George H. Smith addresses the idea of conscience in western thought and the importance of liberty of conscience to be maintained.
Consequentialism, the viewpoint that consequences matter above other aspects of decision-making, allows for greater attention to detail in policy analysis.
In this entry, George Carey explores the founding principles of conservatism and the ways in which they can be seen in modern conservative thought.
In this entry, Edward C. Feser outlines some common arguments conservatives raise against libertarians and how those criticisms have affected both movements.
The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.