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Liberal Critique of Libertarianism

by Colin Bird

In this entry, Colin Bird explains and responds to the major critiques of libertarianism offered by progressive/left-wing liberals.

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Liberalism, Classical

by David Conway

Classical liberalism typically refers to liberal philosophers in the 17th and 18th centuries, but whose ideas are carried on by libertarians today.

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Liberalism, German

by Detmar Doering

Liberalism in Germany reacted to the conservative and progressive political changes of the time with a strong anti-government stance.

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Liberty in the Ancient World

by Roderick T. Long

Liberty has been a value to many civilizations. In this entry, Roderick Long highlights a few instances of liberal ideas in pre-modern societies.

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Liberty, Presumption of

by Anthony de Jasay

Individuals should be able to act in whatever way they want until sufficient reason that they be stopped, instead of needing permission to act.

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Limited Government

by Stephen Davies

The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.

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Magna Carta

by Stephen Davies

Renowned as one of the first documents limiting royal authority, Magna Carta established written rules and limits of political institutions.

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Marxism

by Jason Kuznicki

Marxism is the philosophy calling for the working class to overcome capitalism and institute a socialist society. Politically, it has only caused disaster.

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Material Progress

by Donald J. Boudreaux

The advancement of material progress, or quality of life, has increased dramatically within the past few hundred years and continues increasing today.

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Mercantilism

by George H. Smith

Mercantilism was the belief that wealth of nations was based on the amount of money held by the nation, through high internal protections and a focus on exports.

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Minimal State

by David Conway

The minimal state solution is one wherein the state provides protection for the people in its domain but does nothing else.

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Mont Pelerin Society

by Charles Baird

The Mont Pelerin Society was formed in 1947 to gather thinkers and advocates of a free society to discuss and further classical-liberal ideas.

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Nationalism

by Jason Kuznicki

Nationalism places the collective identity of a nation above all other aspects of life. Its disregard for individualism has led to disastrous political movements.

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Natural Harmony of Interests

by Ralf Bader

The natural harmony of interests is the concept that when people act in their own self-interest, it contributes to the overall social interest.

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Natural Law

by Fred Miller

Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.

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New Deal

by Robert Whaples

The New Deal was the series of government programs aimed at those hurt by the Great Depression, which majorly expanded the size and expense of government.

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Nonaggression Axiom

by Roderick T. Long

The nonaggression axiom or principle mandates that individuals do not use physical force against others or their property, except for retaliation.

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Objectivism

by David Kelley

Objectivism, the moral philosophy expressed by Ayn Rand, celebrates individualism and argues that humans morally should work towards their own happiness.