The Philosophic Radicals, including Jeremy Bentham, were British reformers generally supporting Benthian utilitarianism and democratic change.
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The physiocrats were French laissez-faire economists in the late 18th century who based their policies and writings on natural reason and science.
Positive liberty presents a case for liberty as the ability to succeed. Often, though, positive liberty can only be achieved by violating negative liberty.
Praxeology, as popularized by Ludwig von Mises, is an interdisciplinary approach to social questions that abstracts and thus universally explains human action.
Private property succeeds in supporting an ordered, free, and just society where other configurations of property fail.
Libertarians celebrate increasing individual liberties as the main fuel for human progress - material, moral, and intellectual.
The Progressive Era of the early 20th century brought a new wave of social and economic reform that fueled a much more interventionist government.
The Prohibition of alcohol, from 1919-1933, though intended to reduce alcohol consumption, merely made alcohol consumption more dangerous.
Puritans were Protestant Christians in England and Scotland who fought for reform of the church against Anglican opposition and backlash.
The Declaration of Independence famously spoke of right to “the pursuit of happiness,” a phrase that has been questioned as to its extent and meaning.
Freedom of worship is an individual right and natural right that many people and groups have fought for throughout history.
Classical Republicans were early advocates of constitutionalism and the rule of law. Their work is foundational to political theory today.
Personal freedom and personal responsibility go hand-in-hand. An over-reliance on the government due to the welfare state corrodes both.
Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.
Natural rights are the basic rights held by all individuals by merits of being human; i.e., those rights that exist pre-government and may not be violated.
In this entry, Douglas Rasmussen offers justification for protecting individual rights from the perspectives of several schools of thought.
The Scholastics, writing during the late Middle Ages, contributed notions of individual rights and trade that would influence many classical liberals.
In this entry, Jason Sorens considers the potential costs, benefits, and moral implications of secessionism and constitutionally allowing secession.