Coercion, the use of force to persuade or limit individual action, has typically been seen as a power of government. It must still be justified.
Edward Coke was a prominent lawyer and author who promoted constitutionalism and rights-based justification of law and the powers of government.
Collectivism advocates state control over the economy and civil society. Philosophically, collectivism resembles socialism and opposes individualism.
Common law describes the form of law used to resolve disputes between individuals where decisions are made based on intent, effects, and circumstances.
Communism is the political system in which all aspects of life are planned by the state. Its presence has been devastating for millions of people.
Competition between multiple firms fuels innovation, trade, and efficiency. For this reason, competition is an important part of a free market economy.
Charles Comte, politician and prominent writer, was a principle figure in promoting classical liberalism in France in the early 19th century.
An advocate for enlightenment and liberal reforms, Marquis de Condorcet had a brief but eventful influence as part the French Revolutionary government.
In this entry, George H. Smith addresses the idea of conscience in western thought and the importance of liberty of conscience to be maintained.
Conscription, or mandatory military service, has been implemented a number of times in U.S. history, but often under incomplete justification.
Consequentialism, meaning that consequences matter above other aspects of decision-making, allows for greater attention to detail in policy analysis.
In this entry, George Carey explores the founding principles of conservatism and the ways in which they can be seen in modern conservative thought.
Edward C. Feser outlines some common arguments conservatives raise against libertarians and how those criticisms have affected both movements.
Though famous for his novel, Adolphe, Constant is also known in the English-speaking world for his writings on liberal constitutionalism.
The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.
Constitutionalism binds the government to a pre-decided set of rules and is favored as a form of limiting government expansion.
One common model of state formation, the social contract consists of the voluntary exchange of protection and rights between governments and citizens.
Corruption in government is a widely discussed issue, as its impacts on government effectiveness impact democratic institutions and individual liberty.