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by Steven Horwitz

Discussions over the institution of the family, even between libertarians, are not a consensus. However, many agree that the state should be uninvolved.



by Bryan Caplan

In this entry, Bryan Caplan outlines the history of fascist regimes and distinguishes what differentiates fascism from other totalitarian regime forms.



by John Samples

Federalism is the form of government that diffuses political authority. It is favored to protect against consolidation of power in a central authority.


Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.


Feminism and Women’s Rights

by Wendy McElroy

In this entry, McElroy outlines the feminist movement’s history and the major split in beliefs between individualist and radical or gender feminists.


Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816)

by Ronald Hamowy

Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.


Fisher, Antony (1915-1988)

by Jo Kwong

Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.


Foreign Policy

by Ted Galen Carpenter and Malou Innocent

American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.


Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)

by Jason Kuznicki

One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.


Free Trade

by Daniel T. Griswold

Free trade allows for goods and services to move freely across borders. It is the best way to distribute resources to those that value them most.


Free-Market Economy

by Donald J. Boudreaux

In free markets, voluntary interaction makes up the economy’s structure, allowing for little to no state regulation and thus mutually beneficial trade.



by Terry Price

While valued by many schools of thought, freedom can be understood in a variety of ways, such as the difference between positive and negative freedom.


Freedom of Speech

by Alan Charles Kors

Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.


Freedom of Thought

by George H. Smith

Freedom of thought includes the notion that religion and personal value systems should be unregulated, and that expressing all values must be permitted.


French Revolution

by David Hart

Despite its devastating consequences, the French Revolution (1789-1799) was a major event in the spread of democratic ideals.


Friedman, David (1945-)

by Bryan Caplan

Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.


Friedman, Milton (1912-2006)

by Aaron Steelman

The winner of the Nobel Prize in 1976, Milton Friedman was a recent leading economist who advocated free market liberalism through public policy.



by George Carey

Frank S. Meyer’s fusionist platform attempted to combine traditional values of conservatism with individual liberties and limited government.