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Harper, Floyd Arthur “Baldy” (1905-1973)

by Will Wilkinson

An accomplished libertarian writer and the founder of the Institute for Humane Studies, Harper devoted his life to educating others about libertarianism.


Hayek, Friedrich A. (1889-1992)

by Ronald Hamowy

Hayek was one of the most prominent economists and philosophers supporting free-market economics and individualism; his work is often discussed today.


Hazlitt, Henry (1894-1993)

by Bettina Greaves

Henry Hazlitt was an economic journalist and popular author whose works explained and elaborated on many libertarian ideas.


Health Care

by Michael F. Cannon

While health care is valuable, it is best planned and organized by the free market, not imposed by paternalistic governments.


Heinlein, Robert (1907-1988)

by Amy Sturgis

Heinlein, author of a number of fundamental science fiction novels, provided an eerily relevant social critique of the overreach of government.


Herbert, Auberon (1838-1906)

by Eric Mack

A staunch defender of property rights and opponent to forced redistribution, Auberon Herbert contributed several major works to classical liberalism.


Hess, Karl (1923-1994)

by Brian Doherty

An activist and author involved in both the conservative and libertarian movements, Hess opposed taxation and promoted neighborhood self-sufficiency.


Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1676)

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard

Thomas Hobbes’ preeminent work, Leviathan, remains one of the major works in the philosophy of government formation.


Hodgskin, Thomas (1787-1869)

by George H. Smith

Thomas Hodgskin was a British political and economic theorist affiliated most with individualist anarchism, though his writings were vivid and original.


Hospers, John (1918-2011)

by David Boaz

The first presidential candidate of the Libertarian party, John Hospers played an important role in organizing libertarians for political action.



by Antony Flew

Originally referring to renaissance thinkers and scholars emphasizing human possibility and achievement, the word “humanist” has taken on other meanings.


Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1767-1835)

by Detmar Doering

Known as the namesake of Berlin’s premier university, Wilhelm von Humboldt was a statesman, educational reformer, and German liberal philosopher.


Hume, David (1711-1776)

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard

One of the chief philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, Hume contributed a theory of government and morality loosely based on property and utility.


Hutcheson, Francis

by George H. Smith

Francis Hutcheson’s philosophy addressed moral obligations as they related to personal liberties, virtue, and rights.