Thomas Paine was a political agitator who wrote to empower people to replace their existing tyrannical governments with liberal republics.
Paternalism in law-making is where the government makes decisions for individuals based on what the government thinks is best for them.
Isabel Paterson was one of the first well-known libertarian women of her era. She wrote in avid support of minimal government and the free economy.
Ron Paul was the 1988 Libertarian Party presidential nominee and is a public figure who has helped bring libertarianism to political attention.
In this entry, Robert Higgs outlines public opinion of war throughout American history and the stances the government took to anti-war sentiment.
The Philosophic Radicals, including Jeremy Bentham, were British reformers generally supporting Benthian utilitarianism and democratic change.
The physiocrats were French laissez-faire economists in the late 18th century who based their policies and writings on natural reason and science.
Political parties can help to inform voters and overcome collective action problems, but also institutionalize government vote-seeking and rent-seeking.
Karl Popper’s theory of knowledge and writings on social philosophy helped to shape much of today’s methodology of social science.
Pornography is an issue that raises questions about sexuality and feminism, but also about censorship and whether government can regulate entertainment.
Positive liberty presents a case for liberty as the ability to succeed. Often, though, positive liberty can only be achieved by violating negative liberty.
Richard A. Posner is a judge and legal theorist whose work was the foundation for the law and economics movement, which approaches law through economics.
Roscoe Pound was an influential legal scholar whose “sociological jurisprudence” approach tried to adjust the law to better match social realities.
Praxeology, as popularized by Ludwig von Mises, is an interdisciplinary approach to social questions that abstracts and thus universally explains human action.
When the government uses price controls to influence the affordability of products, shortages or surpluses occur - often making the problem worse.
Richard Price was a British philosopher who supported American Independence and the French Revolution and whose work focused on reason in ethics.
Privacy and the government’s treatment of private information has changed with new waves of crime-detecting and information-collecting technology.
Private property succeeds in supporting an ordered, free, and just society where other configurations of property fail.