Individuals should be able to act in whatever way they want until sufficient reason that they be stopped, instead of needing permission to act.
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The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.
John Locke’s work on natural rights, property, and the limits of just governments makes him a central philosopher among classical liberals.
Thomas Babington Macaulay was a powerful voice for classical liberal ideas, writing great historical volumes and political essays on individual freedoms.
With his electoral vote in 1972 and presidential campaign in 1976, Roger Lea MacBride expanded the influence of the Libertarian Party.
James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.
Renowned as one of the first documents limiting royal authority, Magna Carta established written rules and limits of political institutions.
Henry Sumner Maine was a legal scholar of the 1800s. His best-known work, Ancient Law, explained development of societal structure.
Bernard Mandeville’s controversial essays and allegories raised questions about justice and socially or morally virtuous actions.
Many libertarians argue that though market failures exist, private solutions still work more effectively than government intervention.
Marriage, once just a social institution, now implies a legal relationship, with some limitations that could be changed for greater social benefit.
Marxism is a philosophy calling for the working class to overcome capitalism and institute a socialist society. Politically, it has only caused disaster.
Mason was a Virginian statesman who decried the centralization of government authority and was one of the major supporters of a written Bill of Rights.
The advancement of material progress, or quality of life, has increased dramatically within the past few hundred years and continues increasing today.
Henry Louis Mencken was a prolific and stalwart writer, protesting government overreach and planning in newspapers and his own books.
A founding influence of the Austrian School of economics, Carl Menger predominantly wrote on the subjects of prices, marginal utility, and money.
Mercantilism was the idea that wealth of nations was based on the amount of money held by the nation through internal protections and a focus on exports.
Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.