Competition between multiple firms fuels innovation, trade, and efficiency. For this reason, competition is an important part of a free market economy.
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Charles Comte, politician and prominent writer, was a principle figure in promoting classical liberalism in France in the early 19th century.
An advocate for enlightenment and liberal reforms, Marquis de Condorcet had a brief but eventful influence as part the French Revolutionary government.
In this entry, George H. Smith addresses the idea of conscience in western thought and the importance of liberty of conscience to be maintained.
Conscription, or mandatory military service, has been implemented a number of times in U.S. history, but often under incomplete justification.
Consequentialism, the viewpoint that consequences matter above other aspects of decision-making, allows for greater attention to detail in policy analysis.
In this entry, George Carey explores the founding principles of conservatism and the ways in which they can be seen in modern conservative thought.
In this entry, Edward C. Feser outlines some common arguments conservatives raise against libertarians and how those criticisms have affected both movements.
Though famous for his novel, Adolphe, Benjamin Constant is also known in the English-speaking world for his writings on liberal constitutionalism.
The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.
Constitutionalism binds the government to a pre-decided set of rules and is favored as a form of limiting government expansion.
One common model of state formation, the social contract consists of the voluntary exchange of protection and rights between governments and citizens.
Corruption in government is a widely discussed issue, as its impacts on government effectiveness impact democratic institutions and individual liberty.
Cosmopolitanism, or globalization, encourages the individual to act as a citizen of the world, not just of a closed nation-state or community.
Culture is a fundamental aspect of civil society and human interaction that can extend to influence legality, economics, and ideology as well.
Supporters of decentralism argue that central concentration of power threatens liberty and prefer decision-making power to be diffused on a local level.
The Declaration of Independence is considered an establishing document of America and the place where the country’s values were initially written out.
As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.