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by David Schoenbrod

Delegation from the legislature to executive bureaus and others grants these groups additional powers, often at the result of decreased accountability.



by Randall G. Holcombe

In this entry, Randall Holcombe overviews the ideals, strengths, and weaknesses of democracy, particularly as it occurs in states today.


Development, Economic

by Ian Vásquez

State agencies often try to create policy that sparks economic development, yet the proven way to stimulate progress is through economic freedom.


Dicey, Albert Venn (1835-1922)

by Stephen M. Sheppard

A. V. Dicey, a prominent British legal philosopher, established in his writings the basic principles for the rule of law under a legitimate constitution.


Diderot, Denis (1713-1784)

by Jason Kuznicki

A prominent Enlightenment thinker, Denis Diderot’s writings on freedom of thought, religion, and speech bring him to the attention of libertarians today.


Division of Labor

by Tyler Cowen

Specialization and division of labor are central parts of the market economy that allow for development and increased efficiency of trade and production.


Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895)

by Timothy Sandefur

Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.


Drug Prohibition

by Gene Healy

Drug prohibition, or the criminalization and restriction of certain substances, has harmful effects to the economy and to human liberty and wellbeing.


Dunoyer, Charles (1786-1862)

by David Hart

Dunoyer played a major role in the French classical liberal movement. He wrote on law, society, and the benefits of free markets and limited government.


Dutch Republic

by Jason Kuznicki

A prosperous and relatively free society, the Dutch Republic was a major world power between the 16th and 18th centuries.


Economics, Austrian School of

by Peter J. Boettke

Economists in the Austrian School approach their analysis by looking at human behavior, and how human action by itself creates and regulates markets.


Economics, Chicago School of

by Ronald Hamowy

Economists in the Chicago School use highly empirical arguments to reach their conclusions and advocate for deregulated markets.


Economics, Experimental

by Vernon L. Smith and Bart Wilson

Experimental economists study human incentive structures and behaviors as ways to explain the institutions and rules of economic activity.


Economics, Keynesian

by Daniel B. Klein

Keynesian economists theorize that government spending can be used to manage the economy. It has been a widely accepted stance since the 1930s.



by Andrew Coulson

In this entry, Andrew Coulson surveys the expectations and past models of education throughout history.


Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882)

by Roderick T. Long

One of the founders of Transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson was also a noted abolitionist and personal activist in the nineteenth century.


Eminent Domain/Takings

by Karol Boudreaux

Eminent domain, or the power of government to seize private property for public use, as a concept threatens property rights and personal privacy.