As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.
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Delegation from the legislature to executive bureaus and others grants these groups additional powers, often at the result of decreased accountability.
In this entry, Randall Holcombe overviews the ideals, strengths, and weaknesses of democracy, particularly as it occurs in states today.
State agencies often try to create policy that sparks economic development, yet the proven way to stimulate progress is through economic freedom.
A. V. Dicey, a prominent British legal philosopher, established in his writings the basic principles for the rule of law under a legitimate constitution.
A prominent Enlightenment thinker, Denis Diderot’s writings on freedom of thought, religion, and speech bring him to the attention of libertarians today.
Specialization and division of labor are central parts of the market economy that allow for development and increased efficiency of trade and production.
Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.
Drug prohibition, or the criminalization and restriction of certain substances, has harmful effects to the economy and to human liberty and wellbeing.
Dunoyer played a major role in the French classical liberal movement. He wrote on law, society, and the benefits of free markets and limited government.
A prosperous and relatively free society, the Dutch Republic was a major world power between the 16th and 18th centuries.
Economists in the Austrian School approach their analysis by looking at human behavior, and how human action by itself creates and regulates markets.
Economists in the Chicago School use highly empirical arguments to reach their conclusions and advocate for deregulated markets.
Experimental economists study human incentive structures and behaviors as ways to explain the institutions and rules of economic activity.
Keynesian economists theorize that government spending can be used to manage the economy. It has been a widely accepted stance since the 1930s.
In this entry, Andrew Coulson surveys the expectations and past models of education throughout history.
One of the founders of Transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson was also a noted abolitionist and personal activist in the nineteenth century.
Eminent domain, or the power of government to seize private property for public use, as a concept threatens property rights and personal privacy.