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Enlightenment

by Stephen Hicks

The Enlightenment was an era that brought a wave of philosophical ideas, including classical liberalism, scientific progress, and social and religious tolerance.

Topical

Entrepreneurship

by David Harper

Entrepreneurship, or the development of new products, methods, and means by individuals, is considered to be a compelling factor in economic growth as well.

Topical

Environment

by Jonathan Adler

Environmental regulations aim to reduce supposed externalities for the sake of stewardship, but sometimes place an unnecessary burden on the free market.

Topical

Epicureanism

by Roderick T. Long

Epicureanism was a prominent school of thought among classical philosophers, including empiricists and contractarians such as Cicero and Lucretius. 

Biographical

Epstein, Richard A. (1943-)

by Aaron Steelman

Richard A. Epstein is a prominent legal scholar whose work on eminent domain and government intervention has influenced major court decisions in the last 50 years.

Topical

Equality

by George H. Smith

A libertarian focus on equality mostly focuses on the notion of equal rights. Libertarian systems of justice must operate in a way that maintains these rights.

Policy

Euthanasia

by Sigrid Fry-Revere

Euthanasia, or the merciful killing of a person for the purpose of relieving pain, has been debated as a major bioethical issue and must be examined categorically.

Topical

Evolutionary Psychology

by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby

Evolutionary psychologists use the underlying concept of natural selection and evolution to study and attempt to explain human behavior and decision-making. 

Topical

Existentialism

by George H. Smith

Existentialist philosophy focuses on the individual. Its moral implications, while sometimes criticized, can also have uses for libertarian thought.

Topical

Externalities

by Alexander Volokh

In this entry, Alexander Volokh examines how externalities are generated in the market and questions the assumption that government should act because of them.

Policy

Family

by Steven Horwitz

Discussions over the institution of the family, even between libertarians, are not a consensus. However, many agree that the state should be uninvolved.

Topical

Fascism

by Bryan Caplan

In this entry, Bryan Caplan outlines the history of fascist regimes and distinguishes what differentiates fascism from other totalitarian regime forms.

Topical

Federalism

by John Samples

Federalism is the form of government that diffuses political authority. Thus, it is favored to protect against consolidation of power in a central authority.

Biographical

Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.

Policy

Feminism and Women’s Rights

by Wendy McElroy

In this entry, Wendy McElroy outlines the history of the feminist movement and the major split in beliefs between individualist and radical or gender feminists.

Biographical

Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816)

by Ronald Hamowy

Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.

Biographical

Fisher, Antony (1915-1988)

by Jo Kwong

Sir Antony Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.

Policy

Foreign Policy

by Ted Galen Carpenter and Malou Innocent

American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.