The Enlightenment was an era that brought a wave of philosophical ideas, including classical liberalism, scientific progress, and social and religious tolerance.
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Entrepreneurship, or the development of new products, methods, and means by individuals, is considered to be a compelling factor in economic growth as well.
Environmental regulations aim to reduce supposed externalities for the sake of stewardship, but sometimes place an unnecessary burden on the free market.
Epicureanism was a prominent school of thought among classical philosophers, including empiricists and contractarians such as Cicero and Lucretius.
Richard A. Epstein is a prominent legal scholar whose work on eminent domain and government intervention has influenced major court decisions in the last 50 years.
A libertarian focus on equality mostly focuses on the notion of equal rights and justice systems must operate in a way that maintains these rights.
Euthanasia, or the merciful killing of a person for the purpose of relieving pain, has been debated as a major bioethical issue and must be examined categorically.
Evolutionary psychologists use the underlying concept of natural selection and evolution to study and attempt to explain human behavior and decision-making.
Existentialist philosophy focuses on the individual. Its moral implications, while sometimes criticized, can also have uses for libertarian thought.
In this entry, Alexander Volokh examines how externalities are generated in the market and questions the assumption that government should act because of them.
Discussions over the institution of the family, even between libertarians, are not a consensus. However, many agree that the state should be uninvolved.
In this entry, Bryan Caplan outlines the history of fascist regimes and distinguishes what differentiates fascism from other totalitarian regime forms.
Federalism is the form of government that diffuses political authority. It is favored to protect against consolidation of power in a central authority.
One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.
In this entry, Wendy McElroy outlines the history of the feminist movement and the major split in beliefs between individualist and radical or gender feminists.
Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.
Sir Antony Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.
American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.