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Foreign Policy

by Ted Galen Carpenter and Malou Innocent

American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.


Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)

by Jason Kuznicki

One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.


Free Trade

by Daniel T. Griswold

Free trade allows for goods and services to move freely across borders. It is the best way to distribute resources to those that value them most.


Free-Market Economy

by Donald J. Boudreaux

In free markets, voluntary interaction makes up the economy’s structure, allowing for little to no state regulation and thus mutually beneficial trade.



by Terry Price

While valued by many schools of thought, freedom can be understood in a variety of ways, such as the difference between positive and negative freedom.


Freedom of Speech

by Alan Charles Kors

Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.


Freedom of Thought

by George H. Smith

Freedom of thought includes the notion that religion and personal value systems should be unregulated, and that expressing all values must be permitted.


French Revolution

by David Hart

Despite its devastating consequences, the French Revolution (1789-1799) was a major event in the spread of democratic ideals.


Friedman, David (1945-)

by Bryan Caplan

Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.


Friedman, Milton (1912-2006)

by Aaron Steelman

The winner of the Nobel Prize in 1976, Milton Friedman was a recent leading economist who advocated free market liberalism through public policy.



by George Carey

Frank S. Meyer’s fusionist platform attempted to combine traditional values of conservatism with individual liberties and limited government.



by Guy Calvert

Regulation of gambling, while intended to reduce the harm of compulsive gambling, has typically done more harm than help.


Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879)

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Garrison, known as the editor of the anti-slavery newspaper Liberator, was an outspoken and radical leader for the abolitionist movement.



by Matt Ridley

In light of the eugenics movement of the early-to-mid 20th century, genetics is often a dangerous topic in today’s scientific discourse.


Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-1898)

by M. L. Schut

The former prime minster of the United Kingdom, Gladstone was a statesman advocating a platform of limited government and free-market economics.



by Johan Norberg

Globalization, the ongoing process of the exchange of people, goods, and ideas across borders, raises the wealth and quality of life for people globally.


Glorious Revolution

by Ronald Hamowy

The Glorious Revolution brought Mary II and William III of Orange to the English throne and soothed the religious and political conflict of the English Civil Wars.


Godwin, William (1756-1836)

by Wendy McElroy

A popular novelist as well as a political philosopher, William Godwin was one of the first influential writers on the topic of philosophical anarchism.