Many nations have built themselves into empires. American imperalism has often been presented as a debate between values and territorial expansion.
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Individual rights function as guarantees of protection and entitlement to a morally granted domain, principally that of self-ownership and choice.
Methodological individualism is the methodological framework wherein individuals are seen as the agents of actions and values that form social phenomena.
Instead of focusing on groups and society, individualism places the individual as the focus of ethical discussion and political agency.
Individualist anarchism holds that government does not offer any service that the market could not, making the state unnecessary and disruptive.
The industrial revolution improved not only production, but standards of living, political and economic freedom, and the spread of ideas and culture.
Debate continues as to whether or not intellectual property – or property of ideas – should be protected as physical property is.
The widespread use of the Internet has created new models of business and ways to collect and spread information to both positive and negative effects.
Government interventionist policies are aimed to solve perceived problems of the completely free market but often result in harmful over-regulation.
Islamic teachings contribute to or are consistent with many libertarian principles, such as tolerance, property rights, and the strength of individuals.
Italian scholars’ contributions to politics and economics include critical theoretical work on tax analysis, state authority, and public spending.
Jane Jacobs was a prominent activist and writer on the subject of cities and the complex, spontaneous forces that cause cities to form and develop.
Thomas Jefferson, the main author of the Declaration of Independence, contributed some of the most important ideas to early US political theory.
A respected French political philosopher, Bertrand de Jouvenel examined a number of topics to do with power and the role of the state.
In this entry, Timothy Sandefur explains the origins and role of the American judiciary system.
Immanuel Kant provided a systematic treatise of morality that, among other things, relied on reason, noninterference both of government and individuals, and peace.
Israel M. Kirzner is a noted economist of the Austrian School known most for his work on the role of entrepreneur in the market.
Kleptocracies are those governments that enact policies which take resources from citizens simply for government gain or gain of select individuals and parties.