Robert LeFevre established educational programs and supported publications that aimed to spread and popularize libertarian ideas.
Albert Jay Nock was an influential writer who criticized political action and protested state interventionism at all levels.
Taxation is when government claims the resources of its citizens to fund its projects. Even if argued as necessary, it is a coercive process.
A writer and thinker during the 20th century, Frank Chodorov added significantly to libertarian thought and the theory of individualism.
Stoicism was a philosophical movement in Ancient Greece and Rome based on rational self-discipline, virtue, and natural law as the basis for state authority.
Cicero, a great early writer and orator, articulated a universal legal order that was to become foundational for the natural law tradition.
Cosmopolitanism, or globalization, encourages the individual to act as a citizen of the world, not just of a closed nation-state or community.
Culture is a fundamental aspect of civil society and human interaction that can extend to influence legality, economics, and ideology as well.
Jane Jacobs was a prominent activist and writer on the subject of cities and the complex, spontaneous forces that cause cities to form and develop.
On transportation, libertarians suggest that instead of providing mediocre services, governments set guidelines and encourage private solutions.
Libertarians support competition-based private planning of urban areas, rather than solutions that hinge on the government controlling property.
Throughout history, the role of cities has varied. They are crucial stages for the self-organization of people and for the exchange of goods and ideas.
Coercion, the use of force to persuade or limit individual action, has typically been seen as a power of government. It must still be justified.
The Ostroms founded the Bloomington School of Institutional Analysis at the University of Indiana, dedicated to self-governance and evaluating state institutions.
Civil Society refers to the interests, discussions, and institutions used by a society that form without government force by the choices of individuals.
Conscription, or mandatory military service, has been implemented a number of times in U.S. history, but often under incomplete justification.
Mercantilism was the idea that wealth of nations was based on the amount of money held by the nation through internal protections and a focus on exports.
In this entry, Jason Sorens considers the potential costs, benefits, and moral implications of secessionism and constitutionally allowing secession.