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Judiciary

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Timothy Sandefur explains the origins and role of the American judiciary system.

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Coke, Edward (1552-1634)

by Stephen M. Sheppard on Aug 15, 2008

Edward Coke was a prominent lawyer and author who promoted constitutionalism and rights-based justification of law and the powers of government.

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Collectivism

by Jeremy Shearmur on Aug 15, 2008

Collectivism advocates state control over the economy and civil society. Philosophically, collectivism resembles socialism and opposes individualism.

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Communism

by Michael Chapman on Aug 15, 2008

Communism is the political system in which all aspects of life are planned by the state. Its presence has been devastating for millions of people.

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Individualism, Methodological

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Methodological individualism is the methodological framework wherein individuals are seen as the agents of actions and values that form social phenomena.

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Nationalism

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Nationalism places the collective identity of a nation above all other aspects of life. 

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Socialism

by David Prychitko on Aug 15, 2008

Socialism calls for the social ownership, planning, and redistribution of wealth and goods. It undermines freedom and ultimately fails to meet its ends.

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Kleptocracy

by Tibor Machan on Aug 15, 2008

Kleptocracies are those governments that enact policies which take resources from citizens simply for government gain or gain of select interests.

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Socialist Calculation Debate

by Israel Kirzner on Aug 15, 2008

The socialist calculation debate asks whether central planners can efficiently distribute resources. Evidence proves that socialism will always fail.

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Labor Unions

by Charles Baird on Aug 15, 2008

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) force workers into being represented by unions, regardless of their own preferences, and thus lack legitimacy.

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Competition

by Douglas MacKenzie on Aug 15, 2008

Competition between multiple firms fuels innovation, trade, and efficiency. For this reason, competition is an important part of a free market economy.

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Democracy

by Randall G. Holcombe on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Randall Holcombe overviews the ideals, strengths, and weaknesses of democracy, particularly as it occurs in states today.

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Enlightenment

by Stephen Hicks on Aug 15, 2008

The Enlightenment brought a wave of philosophical ideas, including classical liberalism, scientific progress, and social and religious tolerance.

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Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques (1727-1781)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Turgot was a French economist, writer, and royal advisor. He tried to accomplish sweeping liberal reform of the economy and political system.

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Condorcet, Marquis de (1748-1794)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

An advocate for enlightenment and liberal reforms, Marquis de Condorcet had a brief but eventful influence as part the French Revolutionary government.

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Virtue

by Douglas Den Uyl on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians support the concept that virtue, or a sense of moral good present in acts or character, is born from liberty.

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Conscience

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, George H. Smith addresses the idea of conscience in western thought and the importance of liberty of conscience to be maintained.

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Rawls, John (1921-2002)

by Will Wilkinson on Aug 15, 2008

John Rawls was a political theorist who revived interest in the field. His work can be interpreted in support of some free-market ideas.