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Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

by Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.

encyclopedia

Nock, Albert Jay (1870-1945)

by Charles Hamilton on Aug 15, 2008

Albert Jay Nock was an influential writer who criticized political action and protested state interventionism at all levels.

encyclopedia

Oppenheimer, Franz (1864-1943)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Franz Oppenheimer, a German sociologist, wrote a comprehensive explanation of the history of the state as a history of conquest.

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Ortega y Gasset, José (1883-1955)

by David Fitzsimons and Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

José Ortega y Gasset was a philosopher who wrote on the evils of state power and the way society grew and changed after the Industrial Revolution.

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Orwell, George (1903-1950)

by David Ramsay Steele on Aug 15, 2008

A well-known novelist and essayist, George Orwell’s social criticisms against totalitarianism still remain relevant today.

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Paterson, Isabel (1886-1961)

by Stephen Cox on Aug 15, 2008

Isabel Paterson was one of the first well-known libertarian women of her era. She wrote in avid support of minimal government and the free economy.

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Popper, Karl (1902-1994)

by Jeremy Shearmur on Aug 15, 2008

Karl Popper’s theory of knowledge and writings on social philosophy helped to shape much of today’s methodology of social science.

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Posner, Richard A. (1939-)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Richard A. Posner is a judge and legal theorist whose work was the foundation for the law and economics movement, which approaches law through economics.

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Pound, Roscoe (1870-1964)

by Stephen B. Presser on Aug 15, 2008

Roscoe Pound was an influential legal scholar whose “sociological jurisprudence” approach tried to adjust the law to better match social realities. 

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Price, Richard (1723-1791)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Richard Price was a British philosopher who supported American Independence and the French Revolution and whose work focused on reason in ethics.

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Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, self-described both as an anarchist and as a socialist, contributed several rebukes of government and defenses of individualism.

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Read, Leonard E. (1898-1983)

by Donald J. Boudreaux and Nick Slepko on Aug 15, 2008

Read was an activist who founded the Foundation for Economic Education, a free-market and anti-socialist nonprofit and educational organization.

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Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Rousseau is regarded as a great political philosopher and contractarian, though his ideas for society often rely on a basis of coercive liberty.

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Schumpeter, Joseph (1883-1950)

by Thomas M. Humphrey on Aug 15, 2008

Joseph Schumpeter was an influential 20th century economist who staunchly defended capitalism and the cycle of innovation and growth it creates.

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Senior, Nassau William (1790-1864)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Nassau William Senior was an important British economist who contributed to theories of utility, political economy, and value.

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Shaftesbury, Third Earl of (1671-1713)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

The Third Earl of Shaftesbury, Cooper was a statesman and philosopher with an interest in individualism and the natural harmony of interests.

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Sidney, Algernon (1623-1683)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Sidney was a fervent republican whose philosophy and politics, as well as his eventual martyrdom, influenced democratic revolutionaries who followed him.

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Simon, Julian (1932-1998)

by Donald J. Boudreaux on Aug 15, 2008

Simon was an American economist who wrote on the ways in which human innovation and efficiency makes population growth a net benefit for production.