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Menger, Carl (1840-1921)

by Lawrence H. White on Aug 15, 2008

A founding influence of the Austrian School of economics, Carl Menger predominantly wrote on the subjects of prices, marginal utility, and money. 

encyclopedia

Meyer, Frank S. (1909-1972)

by Christopher A. Preble on Aug 15, 2008

Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.

encyclopedia

Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873)

by Aeon Skoble on Aug 15, 2008

John Stuart Mill was a philosopher best known for his contributions to a free-market, more freedom-oriented view of utilitarianism.

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Milton, John (1608-1674)

by Antony Flew on Aug 15, 2008

Best known for the epic Paradise Lost, Milton was an active voice for republican government and individualism during the English Civil Wars.

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Mises, Ludwig von (1881-1972)

by Leland Yeager on Aug 15, 2008

Ludwig von Mises was one of the most influential economists of the Austrian School, focusing among other issues the failures of central planning.

encyclopedia

Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Michel de Montaigne was a French writer who popularized the reflective essay and contributed several essays on individualism and humanistic thought.

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Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat de

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, wrote a theory of limited government that inspired American constitutional design and philosophy.

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Murray, Charles (1943-)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Charles Murray’s work has questioned the effectiveness and implications of the American welfare state and promoted individualist solutions instead.

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Nathan, Tonie (1923-2014)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Tonie Nathan was the running mate of 1976 Libertarian presidential candidate John Hospers and the first woman to receive an electoral vote.

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Nozick, Robert (1938-2002)

by Ellen Frankel Paul on Aug 15, 2008

Nozick’s work, especially his book Anarchy, State, & Utopia, re-interested many people in political philosophy and libertarianism.

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Oppenheimer, Franz (1864-1943)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Franz Oppenheimer, a German sociologist, wrote a comprehensive explanation of the history of the state as a history of conquest.

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Ortega y Gasset, José (1883-1955)

by David Fitzsimons and Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

José Ortega y Gasset was a philosopher who wrote on the evils of state power and the way society grew and changed after the Industrial Revolution.

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Orwell, George (1903-1950)

by David Ramsay Steele on Aug 15, 2008

A well-known novelist and essayist, George Orwell’s social criticisms against totalitarianism still remain relevant today.

encyclopedia

Paine, Thomas (1737-1809)

by David Fitzsimons on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Paine was a political agitator who wrote to empower people to replace their existing tyrannical governments with liberal republics.

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Paterson, Isabel (1886-1961)

by Stephen Cox on Aug 15, 2008

Isabel Paterson was one of the first well-known libertarian women of her era. She wrote in avid support of minimal government and the free economy.

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Paul, Ron (1935-)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Ron Paul was the 1988 Libertarian Party presidential nominee and is a public figure who has helped bring libertarianism to political attention.

encyclopedia

Popper, Karl (1902-1994)

by Jeremy Shearmur on Aug 15, 2008

Karl Popper’s theory of knowledge and writings on social philosophy helped to shape much of today’s methodology of social science.

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Posner, Richard A. (1939-)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Richard A. Posner is a judge and legal theorist whose work was the foundation for the law and economics movement, which approaches law through economics.