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Pound, Roscoe (1870-1964)

by Stephen B. Presser on Aug 15, 2008

Roscoe Pound was an influential legal scholar whose “sociological jurisprudence” approach tried to adjust the law to better match social realities. 

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Price, Richard (1723-1791)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Richard Price was a British philosopher who supported American Independence and the French Revolution and whose work focused on reason in ethics.

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Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, self-described both as an anarchist and as a socialist, contributed several rebukes of government and defenses of individualism.

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Rand, Ayn (1905-1982)

by Chris Sciabarra on Aug 15, 2008

Ayn Rand remains one of the best-known and most influential individualist writers, credited with developing the philosophy of Objectivism.

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Read, Leonard E. (1898-1983)

by Donald J. Boudreaux and Nick Slepko on Aug 15, 2008

Read was an activist who founded the Foundation for Economic Education, a free-market and anti-socialist nonprofit and educational organization.

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Ricardo, David (1772-1823)

by Mark Skousen on Aug 15, 2008

David Ricardo was an influential economist whose contributed both important free-market theories and dismal predictions about the value of labor.

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Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Rousseau is regarded as a great political philosopher and contractarian, though his ideas for society often rely on a basis of coercive liberty.

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Röpke, Wilhelm (1899-1966)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Wilhelm Röpke was a German economist who wrote in favor of a decentralized economy and held a strong anti-Keynesian and conservative position.

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Say, Jean-Baptiste (1767-1832)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Say was a French political economist whose work anticipated and popularized theories of wealth creation, entrepreneurship, and a free society.

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Schumpeter, Joseph (1883-1950)

by Thomas M. Humphrey on Aug 15, 2008

Joseph Schumpeter was an influential 20th century economist who staunchly defended capitalism and the cycle of innovation and growth it creates.

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Senior, Nassau William (1790-1864)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Nassau William Senior was an important British economist who contributed to theories of utility, political economy, and value.

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Shaftesbury, Third Earl of (1671-1713)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

The Third Earl of Shaftesbury, Cooper was a statesman and philosopher with an interest in individualism and the natural harmony of interests.

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Sidney, Algernon (1623-1683)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Sidney was a fervent republican whose philosophy and politics, as well as his eventual martyrdom, influenced democratic revolutionaries who followed him.

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Simon, Julian (1932-1998)

by Donald J. Boudreaux on Aug 15, 2008

Simon was an American economist who wrote on the ways in which human innovation and efficiency makes population growth a net benefit for production.

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Smith, Adam (1723-1790)

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

Adam Smith is credited as one of the most important theorists of laissez-faire economics. His work is often seen as foundational to capitalism.

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Spencer, Herbert (1820-1903)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Spencer was a major influence on 19th century liberalism. His work on evolutionary theory and social order made him one of the first sociologists.

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Stigler, George J. (1911-1991)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

George J. Stigler was a Nobel Prize winning economist who wrote on a number of topics, including prices, regulation, and information theory.

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Sumner, William Graham (1840-1910)

by Robert Bannister on Aug 15, 2008

William Graham Sumner was an economist and sociologist. He is known for his staunch opposition to American imperialism and dedication to individualism.