Epicureanism was a prominent school of thought among classical philosophers, including empiricists and contractarians such as Cicero and Lucretius.
While health care is valuable, it is best planned and organized by the free market, not imposed by paternalistic governments.
Epstein is a prominent legal scholar whose work on eminent domain and government intervention has influenced major court decisions in the last 50 years.
Individual rights function as guarantees of protection and entitlement to a morally granted domain, principally that of self-ownership and choice.
Evolutionary psychologists use the underlying concept of evolution to study and attempt to explain human behavior and decision-making.
One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.
Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.
Existentialist philosophy focuses on the individual. Its moral implications, while sometimes criticized, can also have uses for libertarian thought.
Marriage, once just a social institution, now implies a legal relationship, with some limitations that could be changed for greater social benefit.
In this entry, Bryan Caplan outlines the history of fascist regimes and distinguishes what differentiates fascism from other totalitarian regime forms.
The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.
Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.
Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.
The alliance of the military technology industry and the growth of the government’s war authority has led to increasingly aggressive foreign policy.
The “war on terror” began in response the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the US. In its efforts to curtail terrorism, it has threatened individual liberties.
The dangers of war make it necessary to prevent hasty entry to war. It should be worrying, therefore, that controls on executive war-making have waned.
American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.
In this entry, Narveson and Trenchard outline the major theories of government and critique how modern governments fail in their basic functions.