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Epicureanism

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

Epicureanism was a prominent school of thought among classical philosophers, including empiricists and contractarians such as Cicero and Lucretius. 

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Health Care

by Michael F. Cannon on Aug 15, 2008

While health care is valuable, it is best planned and organized by the free market, not imposed by paternalistic governments.

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Epstein, Richard A. (1943-)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Epstein is a prominent legal scholar whose work on eminent domain and government intervention has influenced major court decisions in the last 50 years.

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Individual Rights

by Eric Mack on Aug 15, 2008

Individual rights function as guarantees of protection and entitlement to a morally granted domain, principally that of self-ownership and choice.

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Evolutionary Psychology

by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby on Aug 15, 2008

Evolutionary psychologists use the underlying concept of evolution to study and attempt to explain human behavior and decision-making. 

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Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.

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Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

by Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.

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Existentialism

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Existentialist philosophy focuses on the individual. Its moral implications, while sometimes criticized, can also have uses for libertarian thought.

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Marriage

by Allen M. Parkman on Aug 15, 2008

Marriage, once just a social institution, now implies a legal relationship, with some limitations that could be changed for greater social benefit.

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Fascism

by Bryan Caplan on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Bryan Caplan outlines the history of fascist regimes and distinguishes what differentiates fascism from other totalitarian regime forms.

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Limited Government

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.

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Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816)

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.

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Fisher, Antony (1915-1988)

by Jo Kwong on Aug 15, 2008

Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.

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Military-Industrial Complex

by Christopher A. Preble on Aug 15, 2008

The alliance of the military technology industry and the growth of the government’s war authority has led to increasingly aggressive foreign policy.

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War on Terror

by John Mueller on Aug 15, 2008

The “war on terror” began in response the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the US. In its efforts to curtail terrorism, it has threatened individual liberties.

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War Powers

by Gene Healy on Aug 15, 2008

The dangers of war make it necessary to prevent hasty entry to war. It should be worrying, therefore, that controls on executive war-making have waned.

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Foreign Policy

by Ted Galen Carpenter and Malou Innocent on Aug 15, 2008

American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.

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Government

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Narveson and Trenchard outline the major theories of government and critique how modern governments fail in their basic functions.