While valued by many schools of thought, freedom can be understood in a variety of ways, such as the difference between positive and negative freedom.
Regulation of gambling, while intended to reduce the harm of compulsive gambling, has typically done more harm than help.
Historically, the US maintained a stance of open borders. Only in recent years have immigration regulations been put into place.
Social Darwinism applied the idea of “survival of the fittest” to society to poor ends. However, its intellectual founders did not share those views.
The former prime minster of the United Kingdom, Gladstone was a statesman advocating a platform of limited government and free-market economics.
Simon was an American economist who wrote on the ways in which human innovation and efficiency makes population growth a net benefit for production.
Tax competition occurs when governments adopt more attractive tax policies to attract people to live and do business within their borders.
The Glorious Revolution brought Mary II and William III of Orange to the English throne and soothed the religious and political conflict of the English Civil Wars.
A popular novelist as well as a political philosopher, William Godwin was one of the first influential writers on the topic of philosophical anarchism.
Taft was a prominent US Senator who started and passed legislation restricting government and union control and advocating for international diplomacy.
Barry Goldwater’s stark commitment to a platform of freedom and limited government helped to realign public opinion in support of economic conservatism.
Read was an activist who founded the Foundation for Economic Education, a free-market and anti-socialist nonprofit and educational organization.
An accomplished libertarian writer and the founder of the Institute for Humane Studies, Harper devoted his life to educating others about libertarianism.
Henry Hazlitt was an economic journalist and popular author whose works explained and elaborated on many libertarian ideas.
Heinlein, author of a number of fundamental science fiction novels, provided an eerily relevant social critique of the overreach of government.
Spencer was a major influence on 19th century liberalism. His work on evolutionary theory and social order made him one of the first sociologists.
A staunch defender of property rights and opponent to forced redistribution, Auberon Herbert contributed several major works to classical liberalism.
Left libertarians, while supporters of some personal freedoms, are often proponents of a socialist or communal view on natural resources and property.