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Hodgskin, Thomas (1787-1869)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Hodgskin was a British political and economic theorist affiliated most with individualist anarchism, though his writings were vivid and original.

encyclopedia

Nathan, Tonie (1923-2014)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Tonie Nathan was the running mate of 1976 Libertarian presidential candidate John Hospers and the first woman to receive an electoral vote.

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Hospers, John (1918-2011)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

The first presidential candidate of the Libertarian party, John Hospers played an important role in organizing libertarians for political action.

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Humanism

by Antony Flew on Aug 15, 2008

Originally referring to renaissance thinkers and scholars emphasizing human possibility and achievement, the word “humanist” has taken on other meanings.

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Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1767-1835)

by Detmar Doering on Aug 15, 2008

Known as the namesake of Berlin’s premier university, Wilhelm von Humboldt was a statesman, educational reformer, and German liberal philosopher.

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Hutcheson, Francis

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Francis Hutcheson’s philosophy addressed moral obligations as they related to personal liberties, virtue, and rights.

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Imperialism

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Many nations have built themselves into empires. American imperalism has often been presented as a debate between values and territorial expansion.

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Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, self-described both as an anarchist and as a socialist, contributed several rebukes of government and defenses of individualism.

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Intellectual Property

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Debate continues as to whether or not intellectual property – or property of ideas – should be protected as physical property is.

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Internet

by Jim Harper on Aug 15, 2008

The widespread use of the Internet has created new models of business and ways to collect and spread information to both positive and negative effects.

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Islam

by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmed on Aug 15, 2008

Islamic teachings contribute to or are consistent with many libertarian principles, such as tolerance, property rights, and the strength of individuals.

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Italian Fiscal Theorists

by James M. Buchanan on Aug 15, 2008

Italian scholars’ contributions to politics and economics include critical theoretical work on tax analysis, state authority, and public spending.

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Natural Harmony of Interests

by Ralf Bader on Aug 15, 2008

The natural harmony of interests is the concept that when people act in their own self-interest, it contributes to the overall social interest.

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Jouvenel, Bertrand de (1903-1987)

by Daniel J. Mahoney on Aug 15, 2008

A respected French political philosopher, Bertrand de Jouvenel examined a number of topics to do with power and the role of the state.

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Law Merchant

by Bruce Benson on Aug 15, 2008

The Law Merchant was the common law of merchants in the 11th and 12th century, an example of law not imposed by a state.

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Liability

by Richard A. Epstein on Aug 15, 2008

Strict liability rules require people to take responsibility for damages done to others’ property and are therefore favored by libertarianism.

encyclopedia

Knight, Frank H. (1885-1972)

by Richard Boyd on Aug 15, 2008

Frank H. Knight was an economist whose skeptical writings on economic planning and limited government informed the work of the Chicago School.

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Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Michel de Montaigne was a French writer who popularized the reflective essay and contributed several essays on individualism and humanistic thought.