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Cicero (106-43 BC)

by Tom G. Palmer on Aug 15, 2008

Cicero, a great early writer and orator, articulated a universal legal order that was to become foundational for the natural law tradition.

encyclopedia

Comte, Charles (1782-1887)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Charles Comte, politician and prominent writer, was a principle figure in promoting classical liberalism in France in the early 19th century.

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Condorcet, Marquis de (1748-1794)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

An advocate for enlightenment and liberal reforms, Marquis de Condorcet had a brief but eventful influence as part the French Revolutionary government.

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Diderot, Denis (1713-1784)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

A prominent Enlightenment thinker, Denis Diderot’s writings on freedom of thought, religion, and speech bring him to the attention of libertarians today.

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Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895)

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.

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Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882)

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

One of the founders of Transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson was also a noted abolitionist and personal activist in the nineteenth century.

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Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816)

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.

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Fisher, Antony (1915-1988)

by Jo Kwong on Aug 15, 2008

Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.

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Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.

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Friedman, Milton (1912-2006)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

The winner of the Nobel Prize in 1976, Milton Friedman was a recent leading economist who advocated free market liberalism through public policy.

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Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879)

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel on Aug 15, 2008

Garrison, known as the editor of the anti-slavery newspaper Liberator, was an outspoken and radical leader for the abolitionist movement.

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Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-1898)

by M. L. Schut on Aug 15, 2008

The former prime minster of the United Kingdom, Gladstone was a statesman advocating a platform of limited government and free-market economics.

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Godwin, William (1756-1836)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

A popular novelist as well as a political philosopher, William Godwin was one of the first influential writers on the topic of philosophical anarchism.

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Goldwater, Barry (1909-1998)

by Lee Edwards on Aug 15, 2008

Barry Goldwater’s stark commitment to a platform of freedom and limited government helped to realign public opinion in support of economic conservatism.

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Harper, Floyd Arthur “Baldy” (1905-1973)

by Will Wilkinson on Aug 15, 2008

An accomplished libertarian writer and the founder of the Institute for Humane Studies, Harper devoted his life to educating others about libertarianism.

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Hazlitt, Henry (1894-1993)

by Bettina Greaves on Aug 15, 2008

Henry Hazlitt was an economic journalist and popular author whose works explained and elaborated on many libertarian ideas.

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Heinlein, Robert (1907-1988)

by Amy Sturgis on Aug 15, 2008

Heinlein, author of a number of fundamental science fiction novels, provided an eerily relevant social critique of the overreach of government.

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Herbert, Auberon (1838-1906)

by Eric Mack on Aug 15, 2008

A staunch defender of property rights and opponent to forced redistribution, Auberon Herbert contributed several major works to classical liberalism.