The first presidential candidate of the Libertarian party, John Hospers played an important role in organizing libertarians for political action.
Francis Hutcheson’s philosophy addressed moral obligations as they related to personal liberties, virtue, and rights.
Jane Jacobs was a prominent activist and writer on the subject of cities and the complex, spontaneous forces that cause cities to form and develop.
Israel M. Kirzner is a noted economist of the Austrian School known most for his work on the role of entrepreneur in the market.
Frank H. Knight was an economist whose skeptical writings on economic planning and limited government informed the work of the Chicago School.
Étienne de La Boétie’s essay, the Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, called for widespread civil disobedience and remains an influence on anarchism.
Rose Wilder Lane was an author and reporter who became one of the most prominent libertarian women writing in the 20th century.
In his writings, William Leggett attacked government regulation of commerce and the rent-seeking behaviors of business.
With his electoral vote in 1972 and presidential campaign in 1976, Roger Lea MacBride expanded the influence of the Libertarian Party.
Bernard Mandeville’s controversial essays and allegories raised questions about justice and socially or morally virtuous actions.
Henry Louis Mencken was a prolific and stalwart writer, protesting government overreach and planning in newspapers and his own books.
Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.
Best known for the epic Paradise Lost, Milton was an active voice for republican government and individualism during the English Civil Wars.
Michel de Montaigne was a French writer who popularized the reflective essay and contributed several essays on individualism and humanistic thought.
Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, wrote a theory of limited government that inspired American constitutional design and philosophy.
Charles Murray’s work has questioned the effectiveness and implications of the American welfare state and promoted individualist solutions instead.
Tonie Nathan was the running mate of 1976 Libertarian presidential candidate John Hospers and the first woman to receive an electoral vote.
Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.