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Hospers, John (1918-2011)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

The first presidential candidate of the Libertarian party, John Hospers played an important role in organizing libertarians for political action.

encyclopedia

Hutcheson, Francis

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Francis Hutcheson’s philosophy addressed moral obligations as they related to personal liberties, virtue, and rights.

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Jacobs, Jane (1916-2006)

by Sanford Ikeda on Aug 15, 2008

Jane Jacobs was a prominent activist and writer on the subject of cities and the complex, spontaneous forces that cause cities to form and develop.

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Kirzner, Israel M. (1930-)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Israel M. Kirzner is a noted economist of the Austrian School known most for his work on the role of entrepreneur in the market.

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Knight, Frank H. (1885-1972)

by Richard Boyd on Aug 15, 2008

Frank H. Knight was an economist whose skeptical writings on economic planning and limited government informed the work of the Chicago School.

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La Boétie, Étienne de (1530-1563)

by Sharon Presley on Aug 15, 2008

Étienne de La Boétie’s essay, the Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, called for widespread civil disobedience and remains an influence on anarchism.

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Lane, Rose Wilder (1886-1968)

by Amy Sturgis on Aug 15, 2008

Rose Wilder Lane was an author and reporter who became one of the most prominent libertarian women writing in the 20th century.

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Leggett, William (1801-1839)

by Lawrence H. White on Aug 15, 2008

In his writings, William Leggett attacked government regulation of commerce and the rent-seeking behaviors of business.

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MacBride, Roger Lea (1929-1995)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

With his electoral vote in 1972 and presidential campaign in 1976, Roger Lea MacBride expanded the influence of the Libertarian Party. 

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Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Bernard Mandeville’s controversial essays and allegories raised questions about justice and socially or morally virtuous actions.

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Mencken, H. L. (1880-1956)

by Rod L. Evans on Aug 15, 2008

Henry Louis Mencken was a prolific and stalwart writer, protesting government overreach and planning in newspapers and his own books.

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Meyer, Frank S. (1909-1972)

by Christopher A. Preble on Aug 15, 2008

Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.

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Milton, John (1608-1674)

by Antony Flew on Aug 15, 2008

Best known for the epic Paradise Lost, Milton was an active voice for republican government and individualism during the English Civil Wars.

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Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Michel de Montaigne was a French writer who popularized the reflective essay and contributed several essays on individualism and humanistic thought.

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Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat de

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, wrote a theory of limited government that inspired American constitutional design and philosophy.

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Murray, Charles (1943-)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Charles Murray’s work has questioned the effectiveness and implications of the American welfare state and promoted individualist solutions instead.

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Nathan, Tonie (1923-2014)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Tonie Nathan was the running mate of 1976 Libertarian presidential candidate John Hospers and the first woman to receive an electoral vote.

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Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

by Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.