Buckle was a great British historian of the 19th century who dedicated his life to completing a comprehensive history of English culture.
Spontaneous order theory suggests that society is the aggregate of individual action, and that institutions of society form without government planning.
Subsidiarity is decentralized, bottom-up decision-making. Libertarians support decentralization that places the individual in charge of their own decisions.
Bureaucratic organizations rely on hierarchal structures and uniform processes to accomplish tasks, an organization approach that libertarians critique.
In this entry, George Carey explores the founding principles of conservatism and the ways in which they can be seen in modern conservative thought.
Despite its devastating consequences, the French Revolution (1789-1799) was a major event in the spread of democratic ideals.
Edmund Burke is remembered as the father of Conservatism, though his work influenced all of classical liberal thought.
Burlamaqui contributed greatly to philosophical thought with his widely read volumes commenting on and popularizing the work of other philosophers.
The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.
As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.
One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.
James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.
Renowned as one of the first documents limiting royal authority, Magna Carta established written rules and limits of political institutions.
The content and necessity of the first 10 Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, first debated by Federalists and Anti-Federalists, remains relevant today.
One of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League, John Bright was an advocate for small government and non-interventionist foreign policy.
Thomas Aquinas was a philosopher who greatly influenced Catholic thought and promoted law not as a way to regulate morality, but to allow human choice.
Corruption in government is a widely discussed issue, as its impacts on government effectiveness impact democratic institutions and individual liberty.
Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.