Lysander Spooner was a legal and political theorist favoring individualist anarchy. He is best known for his activism as an abolitionist.
Max Stirner was a German writer who presented a case for egoism and freedom that influenced many individualist anarchists after him.
William Graham Sumner was an economist and sociologist. He is known for his staunch opposition to American imperialism and dedication to individualism.
Thomas Szasz was an influential writer who opposed involuntary or coercive hospitalization for those deemed “mentally ill,” a label he challenged.
Henry David Thoreau is best known for his essays on naturalism and on non-violent disobedience against repressive government policy and coercion.
Tucker was the editor of the periodical, Liberty, which was dedicated to spreading Tucker’s ideas about individualist anarchism.
Tullock contributed to the start of the public choice school of economics and countered status-quo arguments about the role of government in the market.
William Wilberforce was a British abolitionist leader. His activism changed public opinion and aided in the abolition of the British slave trade.
Mary Wollstonecraft was a noted figure of the Enlightenment, contributing one of the most influential feminist works of her time.
Henry Sumner Maine was a legal scholar of the 1800s. His best-known work, Ancient Law, explained development of societal structure.
In this entry, Timothy Sandefur explains the origins and role of the American judiciary system.
The “law and economics” approach, used by Coase, Posner, and others, combines the methods and principles of both law and economics scholarship.
Strict liability rules require people to take responsibility for damages done to others’ property and are therefore favored by libertarianism.
Common law describes the form of law used to resolve disputes between individuals where decisions are made based on intent, effects, and circumstances.
Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.
Left libertarians, while supporters of some personal freedoms, are often proponents of a socialist or communal view on natural resources and property.
Frederic Bastiat was a 19th century economist whose writings have been foundational to the individualism & free trade economics movements.
Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also popularized the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.