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Chodorov, Frank (1887-1966)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

A writer and thinker during the 20th century, Frank Chodorov added significantly to libertarian thought and the theory of individualism.

encyclopedia

Clark, Ed (1930-)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

The 1980 Libertarian party presidential candidate, Ed Clark is a public figure for the libertarian movement who played an important role popularizing it.

encyclopedia

Friedman, David (1945-)

by Bryan Caplan on Aug 15, 2008

Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.

encyclopedia

Hayek, Friedrich A. (1889-1992)

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

Hayek was one of the most prominent economists and philosophers supporting free-market economics and individualism; his work is often discussed today.

encyclopedia

Hodgskin, Thomas (1787-1869)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Hodgskin was a British political and economic theorist affiliated most with individualist anarchism, though his writings were vivid and original.

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Lao Tzu (c. 600 BC)

by James A. Dorn on Aug 15, 2008

Lao Tzu’s anticipatory work argued that a harmonious and prosperous society was one in which people could make their own economic and personal decisions.

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Paul, Ron (1935-)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Ron Paul was the 1988 Libertarian Party presidential nominee and is a public figure who has helped bring libertarianism to political attention.

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Rand, Ayn (1905-1982)

by Chris Sciabarra on Aug 15, 2008

Ayn Rand remains one of the best-known and most influential individualist writers, credited with developing the philosophy of Objectivism.

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Rothbard, Murray (1926-1995)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Murray Rothbard’s writings provided a detailed and systematic explanation of politics, society, and economics consistent with libertarian ideas.

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Black Markets

by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

The black market refers to those markets involving extra-legal organizations and paths for the trade of goods and services.

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Privatization

by Robert Poole on Aug 15, 2008

Privatization occurs when government grants control of an industry to market forces, often leading to greater efficiency and choice.

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Anarchism

by Bryan Caplan on Aug 15, 2008

The most minimal proposed form of state organization, anarchism, is the philosophy of the absence of government.

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Anti-Corn Law League

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

The Anti-Corn Law League was a group that opposed the protectionist British Corn Laws and have been praised for achieving radical libertarian reform.

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Coercion

by Terry Price on Aug 15, 2008

Coercion, the use of force to persuade or limit individual action, has typically been seen as a power of government. It must still be justified.

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Decentralism

by Bill Kauffman on Aug 15, 2008

Supporters of decentralism argue that central concentration of power threatens liberty and prefer decision-making power to be diffused on a local level.

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Equality

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

A libertarian focus on equality mostly focuses on the notion of equal rights and justice systems must operate in a way that maintains these rights.

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Freedom

by Terry Price on Aug 15, 2008

While valued by many schools of thought, freedom can be understood in a variety of ways, such as the difference between positive and negative freedom.

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Individual Rights

by Eric Mack on Aug 15, 2008

Individual rights function as guarantees of protection and entitlement to a morally granted domain, principally that of self-ownership and choice.