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Individualism, Methodological

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Methodological individualism is the methodological framework wherein individuals are seen as the agents of actions and values that form social phenomena.

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Individualism, Political and Ethical

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

Instead of focusing on groups and society, individualism places the individual as the focus of ethical discussion and political agency.

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Liberty in the Ancient World

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

Liberty has been a value to many civilizations. In this entry, Roderick Long highlights a few instances of liberal ideas in pre-modern societies.

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Liberty, Presumption of

by Anthony de Jasay on Aug 15, 2008

Individuals should be able to act in whatever way they want until sufficient reason that they be stopped, instead of needing permission to act.

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Limited Government

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.

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Material Progress

by Donald J. Boudreaux on Aug 15, 2008

The advancement of material progress, or quality of life, has increased dramatically within the past few hundred years and continues increasing today.

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Minimal State

by David Conway on Aug 15, 2008

The minimal state solution is one wherein the state provides protection for the people in its domain but does nothing else.

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Natural Harmony of Interests

by Ralf Bader on Aug 15, 2008

The natural harmony of interests is the concept that when people act in their own self-interest, it contributes to the overall social interest.

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Nonaggression Axiom

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

The nonaggression axiom or principle mandates that individuals do not use physical force against others or their property, except for retaliation.

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Objectivism

by David Kelley on Aug 15, 2008

Objectivism, the moral philosophy expressed by Ayn Rand, celebrates individualism and argues that humans morally should work towards their own happiness.

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Positive Liberty

by Tibor Machan on Aug 15, 2008

Positive liberty presents liberty as the ability to succeed. Often, though, positive liberty can only be achieved by violating negative liberty.

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Progress

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians celebrate increasing individual liberties as the main fuel for human progress - material, moral, and intellectual.

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Revolution, Right of

by Robert M. S. McDonald on Aug 15, 2008

Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.

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Rights, Natural

by Fred Miller on Aug 15, 2008

Natural rights are the basic rights held by all individuals by merits of being human; i.e., those rights that exist pre-government and may not be violated.

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Rights, Theories of

by Douglas Rasmussen on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Douglas Rasmussen offers justification for protecting individual rights from the perspectives of several schools of thought.

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Virtue

by Douglas Den Uyl on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians support the concept that virtue, or a sense of moral good present in acts or character, is born from liberty.

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Voluntarism

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Voluntarism argues that individuals should not be coerced into “socially beneficial” projects, but should act voluntarily to assist others.

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Voluntary Contract Enforcement

by Benjamin Powell and Edward P. Stringham on Aug 15, 2008

With many private contract enforcement options in existence, libertarians now question whether government is needed to guarantee contracts are upheld.