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encyclopedia

Meyer, Frank S. (1909-1972)

by Christopher A. Preble on Aug 15, 2008

Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.

encyclopedia

Milton, John (1608-1674)

by Antony Flew on Aug 15, 2008

Best known for the epic Paradise Lost, Milton was an active voice for republican government and individualism during the English Civil Wars.

encyclopedia

Molinari, Gustave de (1819-1912)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

A great 19th century French economist, Gustave de Molinari was outspoken about his opposition of protectionist government policy.

encyclopedia

Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Michel de Montaigne was a French writer who popularized the reflective essay and contributed several essays on individualism and humanistic thought.

encyclopedia

Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat de

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, wrote a theory of limited government that inspired American constitutional design and philosophy.

encyclopedia

Murray, Charles (1943-)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Charles Murray’s work has questioned the effectiveness and implications of the American welfare state and promoted individualist solutions instead.

encyclopedia

Nathan, Tonie (1923-2014)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

Tonie Nathan was the running mate of 1976 Libertarian presidential candidate John Hospers and the first woman to receive an electoral vote.

encyclopedia

Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

by Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.

encyclopedia

Nock, Albert Jay (1870-1945)

by Charles Hamilton on Aug 15, 2008

Albert Jay Nock was an influential writer who criticized political action and protested state interventionism at all levels.

encyclopedia

Oppenheimer, Franz (1864-1943)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Franz Oppenheimer, a German sociologist, wrote a comprehensive explanation of the history of the state as a history of conquest.

encyclopedia

Ortega y Gasset, José (1883-1955)

by David Fitzsimons and Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

José Ortega y Gasset was a philosopher who wrote on the evils of state power and the way society grew and changed after the Industrial Revolution.

encyclopedia

Orwell, George (1903-1950)

by David Ramsay Steele on Aug 15, 2008

A well-known novelist and essayist, George Orwell’s social criticisms against totalitarianism still remain relevant today.

encyclopedia

Paterson, Isabel (1886-1961)

by Stephen Cox on Aug 15, 2008

Isabel Paterson was one of the first well-known libertarian women of her era. She wrote in avid support of minimal government and the free economy.

encyclopedia

Popper, Karl (1902-1994)

by Jeremy Shearmur on Aug 15, 2008

Karl Popper’s theory of knowledge and writings on social philosophy helped to shape much of today’s methodology of social science.

encyclopedia

Posner, Richard A. (1939-)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Richard A. Posner is a judge and legal theorist whose work was the foundation for the law and economics movement, which approaches law through economics.

encyclopedia

Pound, Roscoe (1870-1964)

by Stephen B. Presser on Aug 15, 2008

Roscoe Pound was an influential legal scholar whose “sociological jurisprudence” approach tried to adjust the law to better match social realities. 

encyclopedia

Price, Richard (1723-1791)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Richard Price was a British philosopher who supported American Independence and the French Revolution and whose work focused on reason in ethics.

encyclopedia

Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, self-described both as an anarchist and as a socialist, contributed several rebukes of government and defenses of individualism.