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Burlamaqui, Jean-Jacques (1649-1748)

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Burlamaqui contributed greatly to philosophical thought with his widely read volumes commenting on and popularizing the work of other philosophers.

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Burke, Edmund (1729-1797)

by Michiel Visser on Aug 15, 2008

Edmund Burke is remembered as the father of Conservatism, though his work influenced all of classical liberal thought.

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French Revolution

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Despite its devastating consequences, the French Revolution (1789-1799) was a major event in the spread of democratic ideals.

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Conservatism

by George Carey on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, George Carey explores the founding principles of conservatism and the ways in which they can be seen in modern conservative thought.

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Bureaucracy

by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

Bureaucratic organizations rely on hierarchal structures and uniform processes to accomplish tasks, an organization approach that libertarians critique.

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Subsidiarity

by Nigel Ashford on Aug 15, 2008

Subsidiarity is decentralized, bottom-up decision-making. Libertarians support decentralization that places the individual in charge of their own decisions.

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Spontaneous Order

by Norman Barry on Aug 15, 2008

Spontaneous order theory suggests that society is the aggregate of individual action, and that institutions of society form without government planning.

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Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821-1862)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Buckle was a great British historian of the 19th century who dedicated his life to completing a comprehensive history of English culture.

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Progress

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians celebrate increasing individual liberties as the main fuel for human progress - material, moral, and intellectual.

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Buchanan, James M. (1919-2013)

by Peter T. Leeson on Aug 15, 2008

One of the leading economists of the last century, James M. Buchanan was one of the founders of the public choice theory of economics.

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Wicksell, Knut (1851-1926)

by Richard E. Wagner on Aug 15, 2008

Knut Wicksell was a Swedish economist whose insights on banking and investment influenced and anticipated the work of public choice economists.

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Tullock, Gordon

by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

Tullock contributed to the start of the public choice school of economics and countered status-quo arguments about the role of government in the market.

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Market Failure

by Tyler Cowen on Aug 15, 2008

Many libertarians argue that though market failures exist, private solutions still work more effectively than government intervention.

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Individualism, Political and Ethical

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

Instead of focusing on groups and society, individualism places the individual as the focus of ethical discussion and political agency.

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Branden, Nathaniel (1930-2014)

by Chris Sciabarra on Aug 15, 2008

Often called the father of the self-esteem movement, Nathaniel Branden was a noted psychologist and author who favored personal freedom and choice.

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Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von (1851-1914)

by Lawrence H. White on Aug 15, 2008

Böhm-Bawerk and his signature work, Capital and Interest, contributed majorly to the Austrian School of economics and the concept of interest.

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Marxism

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Marxism is a philosophy calling for the working class to overcome capitalism and institute a socialist society. Politically, it has only caused disaster.

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Prohibition of Alcohol

by Jackson Kuhl on Aug 15, 2008

The Prohibition of alcohol, from 1919-1933, though intended to reduce alcohol consumption, merely made alcohol consumption more dangerous.