Sowell, Thomas (1930-)

by Jo Kwong on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Sowell is an economist and social theorist who has written and taught on the topics of human achievement, free markets, race, and culture.


Spooner, Lysander (1808-1881)

by Randy E. Barnett on Aug 15, 2008

Lysander Spooner was a legal and political theorist favoring individualist anarchy. He is best known for his activism as an abolitionist.


Stirner, Max (1806-1856)

by Will Wilkinson on Aug 15, 2008

Max Stirner was a German writer who presented a case for egoism and freedom that influenced many individualist anarchists after him.


Sumner, William Graham (1840-1910)

by Robert Bannister on Aug 15, 2008

William Graham Sumner was an economist and sociologist. He is known for his staunch opposition to American imperialism and dedication to individualism.


Szasz, Thomas (1920-2012)

by Rod L. Evans on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Szasz was an influential writer who opposed involuntary or coercive hospitalization for those deemed “mentally ill,” a label he challenged.


Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862)

by Jeff Riggenbach on Aug 15, 2008

Henry David Thoreau is best known for his essays on naturalism and on non-violent disobedience against repressive government policy and coercion.


Tucker, Benjamin R. (1854-1939)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Tucker was the editor of the periodical, Liberty, which was dedicated to spreading Tucker’s ideas about individualist anarchism.


Tullock, Gordon

by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

Tullock contributed to the start of the public choice school of economics and countered status-quo arguments about the role of government in the market.


Wilberforce, William (1759-1833)

by Lawrence W. Reed on Aug 15, 2008

William Wilberforce was a British abolitionist leader. His activism changed public opinion and aided in the abolition of the British slave trade.


Wollstonecraft, Mary (1759-1797)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Mary Wollstonecraft was a noted figure of the Enlightenment, contributing one of the most influential feminist works of her time.


Maine, Henry Sumner (1822-1888)

by George Carey on Aug 15, 2008

Henry Sumner Maine was a legal scholar of the 1800s. His best-known work, Ancient Law, explained development of societal structure.



by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Timothy Sandefur explains the origins and role of the American judiciary system.


Law and Economics

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

The “law and economics” approach, used by Coase, Posner, and others, combines the methods and principles of both law and economics scholarship.



by Richard A. Epstein on Aug 15, 2008

Strict liability rules require people to take responsibility for damages done to others’ property and are therefore favored by libertarianism.


Common Law

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

Common law describes the form of law used to resolve disputes between individuals where decisions are made based on intent, effects, and circumstances.


Natural Law

by Fred Miller on Aug 15, 2008

Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.


Left Libertarianism

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

Left libertarians, while supporters of some personal freedoms, are often proponents of a socialist or communal view on natural resources and property.


Bastiat, Frédéric (1801-1850)

by Guido Hülsmann on Aug 15, 2008

Frederic Bastiat was a 19th century economist whose writings have been foundational to the individualism & free trade economics movements.