Ibn Khaldun was a prominent 14th-century historian famous for being the precursor or even founder, according to some historians, of the social sciences.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 addressed injustices that African Americans had long endured, but it did not fully erase the legacy of slavery and Jim Crow.
Smart contracts are a digital innovation that could fuel transactions without the need for State enforcement mechanisms.
John Brown was a dedicated leader of the American abolitionist movement, often known for his raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in 1859.
In this entry, Jeff Hummel explains the events and effects of the U.S. Civil War from the perspective of how it both questioned and realized liberty.
Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist who fought for black liberty both before and after the Civil War.
Garrison, known as the editor of the anti-slavery newspaper Liberator, was an outspoken and radical leader for the abolitionist movement.
Slavery was once a ruthless and static institution in America. Abolishing the institution of slavery in the US was thus a crucial milestone of liberty.
Stephen Davies traces the history of slavery, from common ancient practices to today’s world, where slavery is legally abolished everywhere.
Lysander Spooner was a legal and political theorist favoring individualist anarchy. He is best known for his activism as an abolitionist.
Henry David Thoreau is best known for his essays on naturalism and on non-violent disobedience against repressive government policy and coercion.
William Wilberforce was a British abolitionist leader. His activism changed public opinion and aided in the abolition of the British slave trade.
Abolitionism was the 19th century anti-slavery movement promoting equal civil and political rights for African Americans and the rejection of slavery.
Sigrid Fry-Revere outlines a libertarian take on ethics and explains how this framework can be considered in issues dealing with the human body.
In this entry, McElroy outlines the feminist movement’s history and the major split in beliefs between individualist and radical or gender feminists.
Libertarians believe in sexual freedom, where consensual sex acts that pose no harm should not be prohibited by society or legislation.
The debate over abortion & its implications for nations, citizens, public health & equality are outlined, showing division across all views.
Classical liberalism typically refers to liberal philosophers in the 17th and 18th centuries, but whose ideas are carried on by libertarians today.