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Madison, James (1750-1836)

by Michael Zuckert on Aug 15, 2008

James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.

encyclopedia

Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel on Aug 15, 2008

One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.

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Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.

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Constitution, U.S.

by David Mayer on Aug 15, 2008

The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.

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Buchanan, James M. (1919-2013)

by Peter T. Leeson on Aug 15, 2008

One of the leading economists of the last century, James M. Buchanan was one of the founders of the public choice theory of economics.

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Tullock, Gordon

by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

Tullock contributed to the start of the public choice school of economics and countered status-quo arguments about the role of government in the market.

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Genetics

by Matt Ridley on Aug 15, 2008

In light of the eugenics movement of the early-to-mid 20th century, genetics is often a dangerous topic in today’s scientific discourse.

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Liberty in the Ancient World

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

Liberty has been a value to many civilizations. In this entry, Roderick Long highlights a few instances of liberal ideas in pre-modern societies.

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Constitutionalism

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

Constitutionalism binds the government to a pre-decided set of rules and is favored as a form of limiting government expansion.

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Revolution, Right of

by Robert M. S. McDonald on Aug 15, 2008

Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.

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Washington, George (1732-1799)

by Jonathan Rowe on Aug 15, 2008

As the first president of the United States, George Washington set the standard for peaceful republicanism and responsible divided leadership.

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Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)

by Daniel J. Mahoney on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Jefferson, the main author of the Declaration of Independence, contributed some of the most important ideas to early US political theory.

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Declaration of Independence

by Daniel J. Mahoney on Aug 15, 2008

The Declaration of Independence is considered an establishing document of America and the place where the country’s values were initially written out.

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Abolitionism

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Abolitionism was the 19th century anti-slavery movement promoting equal civil and political rights for African Americans and the rejection of slavery.

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Spooner, Lysander (1808-1881)

by Randy E. Barnett on Aug 15, 2008

Lysander Spooner was a legal and political theorist favoring individualist anarchy. He is best known for his activism as an abolitionist.

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Slavery, World

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Stephen Davies traces the history of slavery, from common ancient practices to today’s world, where slavery is legally abolished everywhere.

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Brown, John (1800-1859)

by Roderick T. Long on Aug 15, 2008

John Brown was a dedicated leader of the American abolitionist movement, often known for his raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in 1859.