The most minimal proposed form of state organization, anarchism, is the philosophy of the absence of government.
Tucker was the editor of the periodical, Liberty, which was dedicated to spreading Tucker’s ideas about individualist anarchism.
What the state should look like varies even among libertarians.
Murray Rothbard’s writings provided a detailed and systematic explanation of politics, society, and economics consistent with libertarian ideas.
Nozick’s work, especially his book Anarchy, State, & Utopia, re-interested many people in political philosophy and libertarianism.
The minimal state solution is one wherein the state provides protection for the people in its domain but does nothing else.
Individualist anarchism holds that government does not offer any service that the market could not, making the state unnecessary and disruptive.
Thomas Hobbes’ preeminent work, Leviathan, remains one of the major works in the philosophy of government formation.
Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.
Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also popularized the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.
Anarcho-capitalism is a form of anarchism where market actors provide all goods and services to society, including security and common public goods.
British Whigs were early supporters of constitutionalism and later continued to work for a platform of classical liberalism and republicanism.
Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.
Thomas Paine was a political agitator who wrote to empower people to replace their existing tyrannical governments with liberal republics.
John Locke’s work on natural rights, property, and the limits of just governments makes him a central philosopher among classical liberals.
Cato’s Letters were letters published in 18th cent. Britain, focused on the concept of liberty and questioned tyrannical authority structures.
John Adams, known as the 2nd US President, played a vital role in the American Revolution and contributed to the philosophy behind the US Constitution.
As the first president of the United States, George Washington set the standard for peaceful republicanism and responsible divided leadership.