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Anarchism

by Bryan Caplan on Aug 15, 2008

The most minimal proposed form of state organization, anarchism, is the philosophy of the absence of government.

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Tucker, Benjamin R. (1854-1939)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Tucker was the editor of the periodical, Liberty, which was dedicated to spreading Tucker’s ideas about individualist anarchism.

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State

by Paul Dragos Aligica on Aug 15, 2008

What the state should look like varies even among libertarians.

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Rothbard, Murray (1926-1995)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Murray Rothbard’s writings provided a detailed and systematic explanation of politics, society, and economics consistent with libertarian ideas.

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Nozick, Robert (1938-2002)

by Ellen Frankel Paul on Aug 15, 2008

Nozick’s work, especially his book Anarchy, State, & Utopia, re-interested many people in political philosophy and libertarianism.

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Minimal State

by David Conway on Aug 15, 2008

The minimal state solution is one wherein the state provides protection for the people in its domain but does nothing else.

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Individualist Anarchism

by Aeon Skoble on Aug 15, 2008

Individualist anarchism holds that government does not offer any service that the market could not, making the state unnecessary and disruptive.

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Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1676)

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Hobbes’ preeminent work, Leviathan, remains one of the major works in the philosophy of government formation.

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Friedman, David (1945-)

by Bryan Caplan on Aug 15, 2008

Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.

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Childs, Roy A. (1949-1992)

by Joan Kennedy Taylor on Aug 15, 2008

Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also popularized the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.

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Anarcho-Capitalism

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

Anarcho-capitalism is a form of anarchism where market actors provide all goods and services to society, including security and common public goods.

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Whiggism

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

British Whigs were early supporters of constitutionalism and later continued to work for a platform of classical liberalism and republicanism.

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Revolution, Right of

by Robert M. S. McDonald on Aug 15, 2008

Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.

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Paine, Thomas (1737-1809)

by David Fitzsimons on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Paine was a political agitator who wrote to empower people to replace their existing tyrannical governments with liberal republics.

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Locke, John (1632-1704)

by Eric Mack on Aug 15, 2008

John Locke’s work on natural rights, property, and the limits of just governments makes him a central philosopher among classical liberals.

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Cato’s Letters

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

Cato’s Letters were letters published in 18th cent. Britain, focused on the concept of liberty and questioned tyrannical authority structures.

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Adams, John (1735-1826)

by Michiel Visser on Aug 15, 2008

John Adams, known as the 2nd US President, played a vital role in the American Revolution and contributed to the philosophy behind the US Constitution.

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Washington, George (1732-1799)

by Jonathan Rowe on Aug 15, 2008

As the first president of the United States, George Washington set the standard for peaceful republicanism and responsible divided leadership.