Roscoe Pound was an influential legal scholar whose “sociological jurisprudence” approach tried to adjust the law to better match social realities.
Richard Price was a British philosopher who supported American Independence and the French Revolution and whose work focused on reason in ethics.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, self-described both as an anarchist and as a socialist, contributed several rebukes of government and defenses of individualism.
Ayn Rand remains one of the best-known and most influential individualist writers, credited with developing the philosophy of Objectivism.
Read was an activist who founded the Foundation for Economic Education, a free-market and anti-socialist nonprofit and educational organization.
David Ricardo was an influential economist whose contributed both important free-market theories and dismal predictions about the value of labor.
Rousseau is regarded as a great political philosopher and contractarian, though his ideas for society often rely on a basis of coercive liberty.
Wilhelm Röpke was a German economist who wrote in favor of a decentralized economy and held a strong anti-Keynesian and conservative position.
Say was a French political economist whose work anticipated and popularized theories of wealth creation, entrepreneurship, and a free society.
Joseph Schumpeter was an influential 20th century economist who staunchly defended capitalism and the cycle of innovation and growth it creates.
Nassau William Senior was an important British economist who contributed to theories of utility, political economy, and value.
The Third Earl of Shaftesbury, Cooper was a statesman and philosopher with an interest in individualism and the natural harmony of interests.
Sidney was a fervent republican whose philosophy and politics, as well as his eventual martyrdom, influenced democratic revolutionaries who followed him.
Simon was an American economist who wrote on the ways in which human innovation and efficiency makes population growth a net benefit for production.
Adam Smith is credited as one of the most important theorists of laissez-faire economics. His work is often seen as foundational to capitalism.
Spencer was a major influence on 19th century liberalism. His work on evolutionary theory and social order made him one of the first sociologists.
George J. Stigler was a Nobel Prize winning economist who wrote on a number of topics, including prices, regulation, and information theory.
William Graham Sumner was an economist and sociologist. He is known for his staunch opposition to American imperialism and dedication to individualism.