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Wilberforce, William (1759-1833)

by Lawrence W. Reed on Aug 15, 2008

William Wilberforce was a British abolitionist leader. His activism changed public opinion and aided in the abolition of the British slave trade.

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Wollstonecraft, Mary (1759-1797)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Mary Wollstonecraft was a noted figure of the Enlightenment, contributing one of the most influential feminist works of her time.

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Immigration

by Daniel T. Griswold on Aug 15, 2008

Historically, the US maintained a stance of open borders. Only in recent years have immigration regulations been put into place.

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Dicey, Albert Venn (1835-1922)

by Stephen M. Sheppard on Aug 15, 2008

A. V. Dicey, a prominent British legal philosopher, established in his writings the basic principles for the rule of law under a legitimate constitution.

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Epstein, Richard A. (1943-)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

Epstein is a prominent legal scholar whose work on eminent domain and government intervention has influenced major court decisions in the last 50 years.

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Maine, Henry Sumner (1822-1888)

by George Carey on Aug 15, 2008

Henry Sumner Maine was a legal scholar of the 1800s. His best-known work, Ancient Law, explained development of societal structure.

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Judiciary

by Timothy Sandefur on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Timothy Sandefur explains the origins and role of the American judiciary system.

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Law and Economics

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

The “law and economics” approach, used by Coase, Posner, and others, combines the methods and principles of both law and economics scholarship.

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Liability

by Richard A. Epstein on Aug 15, 2008

Strict liability rules require people to take responsibility for damages done to others’ property and are therefore favored by libertarianism.

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Common Law

by Andrew Morriss on Aug 15, 2008

Common law describes the form of law used to resolve disputes between individuals where decisions are made based on intent, effects, and circumstances.

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Law Merchant

by Bruce Benson on Aug 15, 2008

The Law Merchant was the common law of merchants in the 11th and 12th century, an example of law not imposed by a state.

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Natural Law

by Fred Miller on Aug 15, 2008

Natural law theorists explain that all man-made law should derive from some universal law of nature, discovered either through divine inspiration or human reason.

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Left Libertarianism

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

Left libertarians, while supporters of some personal freedoms, are often proponents of a socialist or communal view on natural resources and property.

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Sociology and Libertarianism

by Christie Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Sociology began as a comparative study of societies that often found libertarian conclusions not egalitarianism.

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Bastiat, Frédéric (1801-1850)

by Guido Hülsmann on Aug 15, 2008

Frederic Bastiat was a 19th century economist whose writings have been foundational to the individualism & free trade economics movements.

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Childs, Roy A. (1949-1992)

by Joan Kennedy Taylor on Aug 15, 2008

Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also popularized the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.

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Chodorov, Frank (1887-1966)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

A writer and thinker during the 20th century, Frank Chodorov added significantly to libertarian thought and the theory of individualism.

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Clark, Ed (1930-)

by David Boaz on Aug 15, 2008

The 1980 Libertarian party presidential candidate, Ed Clark is a public figure for the libertarian movement who played an important role popularizing it.