Racism, or the belief that certain racial or ethnic groups are inferior to others or deserve lesser treatment, is fundamentally opposed to individualism.
Affirmative Action, programs meant to counteract racial discrimination, may also complicate equality despite striving to reach it.
Robert McDonald outlines the key events of the American Revolution, one of the most influential successes of liberty to date.
The Declaration of Independence is considered an establishing document of America and the place where the country’s values were initially written out.
Thomas Jefferson, the main author of the Declaration of Independence, contributed some of the most important ideas to early US political theory.
The rule of law keeps society protected and in order by holding everyone – including government – accountable to objective standards of behavior.
As the first president of the United States, George Washington set the standard for peaceful republicanism and responsible divided leadership.
John Adams, known as the 2nd US President, played a vital role in the American Revolution and contributed to the philosophy behind the US Constitution.
Cato’s Letters were letters published in 18th cent. Britain, focused on the concept of liberty and questioned tyrannical authority structures.
John Locke’s work on natural rights, property, and the limits of just governments makes him a central philosopher among classical liberals.
Thomas Paine was a political agitator who wrote to empower people to replace their existing tyrannical governments with liberal republics.
Many classical liberal writers believed in the right of revolution as a natural right that could be utilized when government failed to serve its purpose.
British Whigs were early supporters of constitutionalism and later continued to work for a platform of classical liberalism and republicanism.
Anarcho-capitalism is one proposed type of anarchism, where market actors provide all goods and services to society, including security and common public goods.
Roy. A Childs, a writer and speaker of the libertarian movement in the 1960s and 1970s, also made popular the anarcho-capitalist movement of libertarian thought.
David Friedman is a prominent intellectual whose critical writings on economics, law, and the state have contributed to the advancement of libertarian ideas.
Thomas Hobbes’ preeminent work, Leviathan, remains one of the major works in the philosophy of government formation.
Individualist anarchism holds that government does not offer any service that the market could not, making the state unnecessary and disruptive.