The physiocrats were French laissez-faire economists in the late 18th century who based their policies and writings on natural reason and science.
A notable early economist, Richard Cantillon is influential for his theories on the self-regulating market, entrepreneurship, and prices.
The advancement of material progress, or quality of life, has increased dramatically within the past few hundred years and continues increasing today.
Adam Smith is credited as one of the most important theorists of laissez-faire economics. His work is often seen as foundational to capitalism.
Retributive justice holds that punishment is the only way to achieve justice and properly disincentivize criminal behavior, but to explain why, opinions differ.
Also known as the death penalty, capital punishment has divided libertarians over the power of government and the justice of criminal procedures.
Classical Republicans were early advocates of constitutionalism and the rule of law. Their work is foundational to political theory today.
Algernon Sidney was a fervent republican whose philosophy and politics, as well as his eventual martyrdom, influenced democratic revolutionaries who followed him.
In this entry, Andrew Coulson surveys the expectations and past models of education throughout history.
Freedom of thought includes the notion that religion and personal value systems should be unregulated, and that expressing all values must be permitted.
Best known for the epic Paradise Lost, John Milton was an active voice for republican government and individualism during the English Civil Wars.
Pornography is an issue that raises questions about sexuality and feminism, but also about censorship and whether government can regulate entertainment.
Throughout history, church and state have become increasingly separate as institutions. Libertarians tend to favor this shift, as it discourages state authority.
Censorship laws, which have taken a variety of forms, are a tool government uses to silence individuals & thought.
The Great Depression, fueled by a chain of bank failures and poor policy decisions, ushered in a permanently larger and more spendthrift government.
Privatization occurs when government grants control of an industry to market forces, often leading to greater efficiency and choice.
Social security redistributes income to those people unable to work. Libertarians object to social security for its coercive and impractical results.
Charitable, fraternal and friendly societies benefit members and overall society while also maintaining freedom and choice of association.