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Material Progress

by Donald J. Boudreaux on Aug 15, 2008

The advancement of material progress, or quality of life, has increased dramatically within the past few hundred years and continues increasing today.

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Cantillon, Richard (c.1680-1734)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

A notable early economist, Richard Cantillon is influential for his theories on the self-regulating market, entrepreneurship, and prices.

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Physiocracy

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

The physiocrats were French laissez-faire economists in the late 18th century who based their policies and writings on natural reason and science.

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Entrepreneurship

by David Harper on Aug 15, 2008

Entrepreneurship, or the development of new products, methods, and means by individuals, is considered to be a compelling factor in economic growth as well.

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Campaign Finance

by Bradley Smith on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Bradley Smith outlines the trends and outcomes of campaign finance reform legislation over the past 100 years.

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Freedom of Speech

by Alan Charles Kors on Aug 15, 2008

Freedom of speech is a pillar of a free society. In this entry, Alan Charles Kors discusses how it has been attacked even in modern democracies.

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Corruption

by John Samples on Aug 15, 2008

Corruption in government is a widely discussed issue, as its impacts on government effectiveness impact democratic institutions and individual liberty.

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Aquinas, Thomas (c. 1225-1274)

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Thomas Aquinas was a philosopher who greatly influenced Catholic thought and promoted law not as a way to regulate morality, but to allow human choice.

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Bright, John (1811-1859)

by Aaron Steelman on Aug 15, 2008

One of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League, John Bright was an advocate for small government and non-interventionist foreign policy.

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Bill of Rights, US

by Randy E. Barnett on Aug 15, 2008

The contents and necessity of the first 10 Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, first debated by Federalists and Anti-Federalists, remains relevant today.

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Magna Carta

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Renowned as one of the first documents limiting royal authority, Magna Carta established written rules and limits of political institutions.

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Madison, James (1750-1836)

by Michael Zuckert on Aug 15, 2008

James Madison was instrumental in creating the values behind the United States Constitution, both as one of its primary authors and in his own writings.

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Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists

by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel on Aug 15, 2008

One of the major debates over the U.S. Constitution was between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, largely over the role of the states and a Bill of Rights.

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Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

As part of the overthrow of the French monarchy in 1789, this document served as the first attempt at capturing the ideals of a possible French Republic.

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Constitution, U.S.

by David Mayer on Aug 15, 2008

The Constitution is the foundational document of the U.S. government. Debates over its interpretation still make a large impact on governmental power.

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Burlamaqui, Jean-Jacques (1649-1748)

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui contributed greatly to philosophical thought with his widely read volumes commenting on and popularizing the work of other philosophers.

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Burke, Edmund (1729-1797)

by Michiel Visser on Aug 15, 2008

A noted British philosopher and politician, Edmund Burke is remembered as the father of Conservatism, though his work influenced all of classical liberal thought.

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French Revolution

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Despite its devastating consequences, the French Revolution (1789-1799) was a major event in the spread of democratic ideals.