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Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-1898)

by M. L. Schut on Aug 15, 2008

The former prime minster of the United Kingdom, William Ewart Gladstone was a statesman advocating a platform of limited government and free-market economics.

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Social Darwinism

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Social Darwinism applied the idea of “survival of the fittest” to society to poor ends. However, its intellectual founders did not share those views.

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Immigration

by Daniel T. Griswold on Aug 15, 2008

Historically, the US maintained a stance of open borders. Only in recent years have immigration regulations been put into place.

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Gambling

by Guy Calvert on Aug 15, 2008

Regulation of gambling, while intended to reduce the harm of compulsive gambling, has typically done more harm than help.

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Freedom

by Terry Price on Aug 15, 2008

While valued by many schools of thought, freedom can be understood in a variety of ways, such as the difference between positive and negative freedom.

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Government

by Jan Narveson and David Trenchard on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Jan Narveson and David Trenchard outline the major theories of government and critique how modern governments fail in their basic functions.

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Foreign Policy

by Ted Galen Carpenter and Malou Innocent on Aug 15, 2008

American foreign policy has operated on an interventionist platform for many decades. This approach does more harm than help to America and its allies.

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War Powers

by Gene Healy on Aug 15, 2008

The dangers of war make it necessary to prevent hasty entry to war. It should be worrying, therefore, that controls on executive war-making have waned.

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War on Terror

by John Mueller on Aug 15, 2008

The “war on terror” began in response the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the US. In its efforts to curtail terrorism, it has threatened individual liberties.

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Military-Industrial Complex

by Christopher A. Preble on Aug 15, 2008

The alliance of the military technology industry and the growth of the government’s war authority has led to increasingly aggressive foreign policy.

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Fisher, Antony (1915-1988)

by Jo Kwong on Aug 15, 2008

Sir Antony Fisher made an important contribution to the libertarian movement by creating liberty-advancing public policy think tanks active around the globe.

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Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816)

by Ronald Hamowy on Aug 15, 2008

Adam Ferguson’s writings, notably his Essay on the History of Civil Society, provided an important analysis of how social institutions form.

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Limited Government

by Stephen Davies on Aug 15, 2008

The idea that government should be subject to the law and possess only those powers granted by law is fundamental to libertarianism.

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Fascism

by Bryan Caplan on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Bryan Caplan outlines the history of fascist regimes and distinguishes what differentiates fascism from other totalitarian regime forms.

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Marriage

by Allen M. Parkman on Aug 15, 2008

Marriage, once just a social institution, now implies a legal relationship, with some limitations that could be changed for greater social benefit.

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Existentialism

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Existentialist philosophy focuses on the individual. Its moral implications, while sometimes criticized, can also have uses for libertarian thought.

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Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900)

by Lester Hunt on Aug 15, 2008

Friedrich Nietzsche was a controversial philosopher of the 19th century whose antagonism towards political institutions remains ambiguous to scholars.

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Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

One of the best-known writers of the 20th cent., Michel Foucault criticized overreaching authority structures as well as state and social coercion.