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Praxeology

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

Praxeology, as popularized by Ludwig von Mises, is an interdisciplinary approach to social questions that abstracts and thus universally explains human action.

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Kirzner, Israel M. (1930-)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

Israel M. Kirzner is a noted economist of the Austrian School known most for his work on the role of entrepreneur in the market.

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Dutch Republic

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

One example of a prosperous and relatively free society, the Dutch Republic was a major world power between the 16th and 18th centuries.

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Division of Labor

by Tyler Cowen on Aug 15, 2008

Specialization and division of labor are central parts of the market economy that allow for development and increased efficiency of trade and production.

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Free-Market Economy

by Donald J. Boudreaux on Aug 15, 2008

In free markets, voluntary interaction makes up the economy’s structure, allowing for little to no state regulation and thus mutually beneficial trade.

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Diderot, Denis (1713-1784)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

A prominent Enlightenment thinker, Denis Diderot’s writings on freedom of thought, religion, and speech bring him to the attention of libertarians today.

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Voltaire (1694-1778)

by Wendy McElroy on Aug 15, 2008

Voltaire was a popular philosopher and writer of the French Enlightenment. His works advocated for toleration and rationalism and were widely read and accepted.

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Globalization

by Johan Norberg on Aug 15, 2008

Globalization, the ongoing process of the exchange of people, goods, and ideas across borders, raises the wealth and quality of life for people globally.

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Delegation

by David Schoenbrod on Aug 15, 2008

Delegation from the legislature to executive bureaus and others grants these groups additional powers, often at the result of decreased accountability.

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Progressive Era

by Richard Adelstein on Aug 15, 2008

The Progressive Era of the early 20th century brought a new wave of social and economic reform that fueled a much more interventionist government.

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New Deal

by Robert Whaples on Aug 15, 2008

The New Deal was the series of government programs aimed at those hurt by the Great Depression, which majorly expanded the size and expense of government.

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Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778)

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Jean-Jacques Rousseau is regarded as a great political philosopher and contractarian, though his ideas for society often rely on a basis of coercive liberty.

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Pursuit of Happiness

by Hans Eicholz on Aug 15, 2008

The Declaration of Independence famously spoke of right to “the pursuit of happiness,” a phrase that has been questioned as to its extent and meaning.

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Decentralism

by Bill Kauffman on Aug 15, 2008

Supporters of decentralism argue that central concentration of power threatens liberty and prefer decision-making power to be diffused on a local level.

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Hess, Karl (1923-1994)

by Brian Doherty on Aug 15, 2008

An activist, journalist, and author involved in both the conservative and libertarian movements, Hess opposed taxation and promoted neighborhood self-sufficiency.

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Federalism

by John Samples on Aug 15, 2008

Federalism is the form of government that diffuses political authority. It is favored to protect against consolidation of power in a central authority.

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Sociology and Libertarianism

by Christie Davies on Aug 15, 2008

Though today, many sociologists argue in favor of egalitarianism, the field began as a comparative study of societies that often found libertarian conclusions.

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Las Casas, Bartolomé de (1474-1566)

by Alejandro A. Chafuen on Aug 15, 2008

Bartolome de Las Casas wrote detailed, sometimes propagandist, accounts of Spanish colonization of the Americas and fought for the rights of American Indians.