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Constant, Benjamin (1767-1830)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Though famous for his novel, Adolphe, Benjamin Constant is also known in the English-speaking world for his writings on liberal constitutionalism.

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Molinari, Gustave de (1819-1912)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

A great 19th century French economist, Gustave de Molinari was outspoken about his opposition of protectionist government policy.

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Conservative Critique of Libertarianism

by Edward C. Feser on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Edward C. Feser outlines some common arguments conservatives raise against libertarians and how those criticisms have affected both movements.

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Meyer, Frank S. (1909-1972)

by Christopher A. Preble on Aug 15, 2008

Frank S. Meyer was a major advocate of the right-wing fusionist movement, which attempted to unite elements of libertarianism and traditional conservatism.

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Fusionism

by George Carey on Aug 15, 2008

The fusionist platform advocated by Frank S. Meyer attempted to combine traditional values of conservatism with individual liberties and limited government.

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Rawls, John (1921-2002)

by Will Wilkinson on Aug 15, 2008

John Rawls was a political theorist who revived interest in the field. Though not libertarian, his work can be interpreted in support of some free-market ideas.

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Conscience

by George H. Smith on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, George H. Smith addresses the idea of conscience in western thought and the importance of liberty of conscience to be maintained.

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Virtue

by Douglas Den Uyl on Aug 15, 2008

Libertarians support the concept that virtue, or a sense of moral good present in acts or character, is born from liberty.

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Condorcet, Marquis de (1748-1794)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

An advocate for enlightenment and liberal reforms, Marquis de Condorcet had a brief but eventful influence as part the French Revolutionary government.

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Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques (1727-1781)

by David Hart on Aug 15, 2008

Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot was a French economist, writer, and royal advisor. He tried to accomplish sweeping liberal reform of the economy and political system.

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Enlightenment

by Stephen Hicks on Aug 15, 2008

The Enlightenment was an era that brought a wave of philosophical ideas, including classical liberalism, scientific progress, and social and religious tolerance.

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Democracy

by Randall G. Holcombe on Aug 15, 2008

In this entry, Randall Holcombe overviews the ideals, strengths, and weaknesses of democracy, particularly as it occurs in states today.

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Competition

by Douglas MacKenzie on Aug 15, 2008

Competition between multiple firms fuels innovation, trade, and efficiency. For this reason, competition is an important part of a free market economy.

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Labor Unions

by Charles Baird on Aug 15, 2008

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) force workers into being represented by unions, regardless of their own preferences, and thus lack legitimacy.

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Socialist Calculation Debate

by Israel Kirzner on Aug 15, 2008

The socialist calculation debate asks whether central planners can efficiently distribute resources. Evidence proves that socialism will always fail.

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Kleptocracy

by Tibor Machan on Aug 15, 2008

Kleptocracies are those governments that enact policies which take resources from citizens simply for government gain or gain of select individuals and parties.

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Socialism

by David Prychitko on Aug 15, 2008

Socialism calls for the social ownership, planning, and redistribution of wealth and goods. It undermines freedom and ultimately fails to meet its ends.

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Nationalism

by Jason Kuznicki on Aug 15, 2008

Nationalism places the collective identity of a nation above all other aspects of life. Its disregard for individualism has led to disastrous political movements.